When it comes to borrowing money, you have a lot of options. Some loans are created for a specific purpose, such as auto loans and mortgages. Others, including credit cards, give you more freedom in how you spend and even let you borrow money on a rolling basis.
Credit typically falls into one of two buckets: installment credit and revolving credit. Here’s a look at key differences between these two types, and what you need to know about applying and qualifying for installment credit.
What is installment credit?
Installment credit is a form of debt that has a set amount and payment period. Common forms of installment credit include mortgages, car loans, personal loans, and student loans.
When applying for installment credit (a.k.a. an installment loan), you’ll typically review the following terms:
- Principal loan amount
- Interest rate (fixed or variable)
- Term length
- Monthly payment
- Origination and other fees
Note that despite their similarities to other types of loans, payday loans do not fall into this category. This is because the lender usually requires that you pay back the loan in full after a short period, rather than in installments.
Key differences between installment credit and revolving credit
Installment credit works like this: Say you want to buy a car, fund your wedding, or cover another large expense. You can go to a bank and request a loan. In this case, assume you borrow $20,000 and promise to pay it back over six years with an interest rate of 3.99% APR.
For the length of your loan, you will have a monthly payment of $312.81. When you finish paying off your loan, you will have paid $2,522.50 in interest.
When it comes to revolving credit, think about how credit cards work. Most credit cards have a credit limit, which caps how much money you can owe at any given time. As long as you don’t reach your credit limit, you can keep borrowing money from the bank by using your credit card and paying the balance at the end of each month.
Further, on a credit card, your monthly payment is based on your current balance and there’s no predetermined payoff period. So you can keep borrowing money without having to go to the bank.
How to get an installment loan
Different types of installment loans have different credit and income requirements. But in general, the better your credit, the better chances you have at getting approved with a good interest rate.
Experian, a major credit bureau, lists the different FICO credit score ranges as follows:
- Exceptional: 800+
- Very good: 740-799
- Good: 670-739
- Fair: 580-669
- Poor: 579 and below
If your credit score isn’t at least in the good range, you may still get approved for installment credit. However, you might not necessarily get a favorable interest rate.
To improve your credit score, review your credit report to see what needs work. Dispute errors you find and ensure all listed credit accounts are in good standing.
Your credit score isn’t the only factor lenders will consider, however. If you have high credit card balances or a lot of other debt, your debt-to-income ratio might be high. A high debt-to-income ratio can scare off lenders because they might think you can’t pay back all your debt.
Where to get an installment loan
The easiest way to get installment credit is through your local bank or credit union. Depending on your needs, though, you might want to shop around to get the best deal. You can find a good selection of personal loans online. And if you’re applying for a mortgage, a broker can give you more options.
If you’re buying a car, you can get an installment loan through your bank directly or through the dealership where you’re buying the car. Unlike your bank, the dealership can reach out to multiple lenders to find the best rate for you.
Make sure to read the fine print on an installment loan before signing. There, you’ll find any hidden costs or conditions. For example, some loans penalize you if you pay off the loan early. You’ll also want to understand what happens if you’re late on a payment or default.
How installment credit affects your overall credit
According to FICO, your payment history is the most important factor in your credit score. As you make on-time payments, the lender reports that information to the three major credit bureaus: Equifax, Experian, and Transunion.
If you’re not careful, though, an installment loan can hurt your credit. Making late payments or defaulting on your loan, for example, will negatively impact your score.
If you borrow too much, the debt burden can also weigh on your credit score. How much you owe is the second most important factor in your credit score. Be sure to borrow only what you can easily afford to repay. Putting too much of your income toward debt will strain you financially and make it easier to start slipping on payments.
Should you get an installment loan?
Installment credit is a common way to get the funds to buy something you need. But if you don’t have stellar credit or already have a lot of debt, you might not get approved for more. Before applying, work to build your credit and pay off your other debt first.
If you do it right, an installment loan can help you reach your financial goals. But sacrificing your financial security with high interest rates and a large debt load isn’t worth it.
Before applying for installment credit, take stock of your financial well-being and needs. Make a decision based on facts rather than emotions. You’ll be much better for it in the long run.
Interested in a personal loan?Here are the top personal loan lenders of 2019!
|Lender||APR Range||Loan Amount|
|1 Includes AutoPay discount. Important Disclosures for SoFi.
2 Includes AutoPay discount. Important Disclosures for Payoff.
3 Important Disclosures for FreedomPlus.
4 Important Disclosures for Citizens Bank.
Citizens Bank Disclosures
5 Important Disclosures for LendingPoint.
6 Important Disclosures for LendingClub.
All loans made by WebBank, Member FDIC. Your actual rate depends upon credit score, loan amount, loan term, and credit usage & history. The APR ranges from 6.95% to 35.89%*. The origination fee ranges from 1% to 6% of the original principal balance and is deducted from your loan proceeds. For example, you could receive a loan of $6,000 with an interest rate of 7.99% and a 5.00% origination fee of $300 for an APR of 11.51%. In this example, you will receive $5,700 and will make 36 monthly payments of $187.99. The total amount repayable will be $6,767.64. Your APR will be determined based on your credit at the time of application. The average origination fee is 5.49% as of Q1 2017. In Georgia, the minimum loan amount is $3,025. In Massachusetts, the minimum loan amount is $6,025 if your APR is greater than 12%. There is no down payment and there is never a prepayment penalty. Closing of your loan is contingent upon your agreement of all the required agreements and disclosures on the www.lendingclub.com website. All loans via LendingClub have a minimum repayment term of 36 months. Borrower must be a U.S. citizen, permanent resident or be in the United States on a valid long term visa and at least 18 years old. Valid bank account and Social Security number are required. Equal Housing Lender. All loans are subject to credit approval. LendingClub’s physical address is: LendingClub, 71 Stevenson Street, Suite 1000, San Francisco, CA 94105.
†Per reviews collected and authenticated by Bazaarvoice in compliance with the Bazaarvoice Authentication Requirements, supported by anti-fraud technology and human analysis. All reviews can be reviewed at reviews.lendingclub.com
**Based on approximately 60% of borrowers who received offers through LendingClub’s marketing partners between January 1, 2018 to July 20,2018. The time it will take to fund your loan may vary.
7 Important Disclosures for Earnest.
8 Important Disclosures for Avant.
* The actual rate and loan amount that a customer qualifies for may vary based on credit determination and other factors. Funds are generally deposited via ACH for delivery next business day if approved by 4:30pm CT Monday-Friday. Avant branded credit products are issued by WebBank, member FDIC.
** Example: A $5,700 loan with an administration fee of 4.75% and an amount financed of $5,429.25, repayable in 36 monthly installments, would have an APR of 29.95% and monthly payments of $230.33
* Important Disclosures for Upgrade Bank.
Upgrade Bank Disclosures
** Accept your loan offer and your funds will be sent to your bank via ACH within one (1) business day of clearing necessary verifications. Availability of the funds is dependent on how quickly your bank processes this transaction. From the time of approval, funds should be available within four (4) business days.
|5.75% – 16.24%1||$5,000 - $100,000|
|7.69% – 35.99%||$1,000 - $50,000|
|7.99% – 35.89%*||$1,000 - $50,000|
|5.99% – 24.99%2||$5,000 - $35,000|
|5.99% – 29.99%3||$7,500 - $40,000|
|6.79% – 20.89%4||$5,000 - $50,000|
|9.99% – 35.99%5||$2,000 - $25,000|
|6.95% – 35.89%6||$1,000 - $40,000|
|6.99% – 18.24%7||$5,000 - $75,000|
|9.95% – 35.99%8||$2,000 - $35,000|