If you’re a parent, it might be hard to think about the future between cereal spills and crayon masterpieces on the wall.
But the cost of college is rising. By 2030, it’s projected to cost more than $205,000 for four years at a public college.
So, how do you prepare for your child’s future now? One of the best ways is with a 529 plan.
What is a 529 plan?
A 529 plan is an investment vehicle that allows you to save for your child’s education. There are two types: a college savings plan and a prepaid tuition plan. This article will focus on the former, which is more popular. But if you’re curious, you can check out the differences between 529 plans.
With the 529 college savings plan, you contribute money throughout your child’s life into an investment account. Then, when your child is ready to attend college, they can use the money for tuition, books, room and board, and other related expenses (even a computer).
The difference between a savings account and a 529 plan is the latter is invested into the stock market — which means it has the potential to earn more returns than a savings account.
Let’s say you contributed $100 per month for 18 years. Using our simple savings calculator, here’s what you’d end up with:
- In a savings account at 1.00% interest (which you’d get only with a high-yield savings account), you’d have $23,655 by the time your child went to college.
- In a 529 savings plan that earned average returns of 7 percent, you could have nearly double that amount: $43,072.
And don’t worry: It’s not like you’ll be picking and choosing stocks yourself. Each state’s 529 plan is managed by financial advisors. Most plans will start out riskier (more stocks and fewer bonds) and become more conservative (fewer stocks and more bonds) as your child nears college age.
Of course, you always expose yourself to risk when you invest in the market. If the ups and downs make you nervous, check out these alternatives to 529 plans.
The pros and cons of 529 plans
Consider these pros and cons when deciding if a 529 plan is right for you.
- Tax-free for education: Your child can remove the money for qualifying education expenses and won’t have to pay taxes on the earnings.
- State tax credits: Some states offer a tax credit for a percentage of your contributions. Here’s more on the tax benefits of 529 plans.
- Minimum deposits: Some states require you to open a 529 plan with at least $1,000 or fund the account with a minimum amount per month.
- Limited to education expenses only: If your child doesn’t attend college, your 529 plan’s earnings will be subject to taxes and a 10 percent penalty. One way to use the leftover 529 plan (and avoid the fees) is by passing it on to a sibling.
How to sign up for a 529 plan
Here are the steps you should follow when you’re ready to sign up for a 529 plan.
1. Choose your 529 plan
Since each state has its own 529 plan, most people sign up for the 529 plan where they live.
Although you’re welcome to cross state lines when you sign up for a 529 plan, most states won’t give you a tax credit if you use an out-of-state plan. That said, if you’re in a state that doesn’t levy an individual income tax or offer tax benefits for 529s, then you should shop around for the plan with the lowest fees and highest returns.
To compare plans, try this tool from SavingForCollege.com. It offers in-depth information about each state’s plan and allows you compare plans side by side.
You also can open a 529 plan through a financial advisor — and not the state — but doing so usually means higher fees.
2. Open and fund the 529 plan
Once you choose the 529 plan that’s right for you, all that’s left to do is open it. You usually can do so online, and it’s helpful to have personal information — like Social Security numbers and birthdays — on hand.
You’ll also need to fund the 529 plan with a transfer from your checking account. Many states have no minimum contribution amount, but others require a transfer of at least $250.
One thing to note is you shouldn’t be saving for your child’s education over your retirement.
Although it might seem selfish, it makes financial sense. There are many ways to fund a college education (loans, scholarships, etc.), but no one can fund your retirement except you. So, only create a 529 plan if you’re already making good headway with your retirement fund.
3. Set up automatic contributions
Now is also a good time to set up regular contributions to your 529 account — even $25 per month adds up over the years. To see how much you should contribute, use this college cost calculator.
Going forward, you could ask family members to donate to your child’s 529 plan in lieu of gifts. Although it might take some getting used to, your child will be grateful by the time college rolls around.
Education is one of the best gifts there is. And if you’d like to help bestow it upon your child, a 529 plan might be the way to go.
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|1.05% – 11.44%5||Undergraduate and Graduate|
|2.76% – 7.14%6||Undergraduate and Graduate|
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|* The Sallie Mae partner referenced is not the creditor for these loans and is compensated by Sallie Mae for the referral of Smart Option Student Loan customers. |
1 Important Disclosures for College Ave.
College Ave Student Loans products are made available through either Firstrust Bank, member FDIC or M.Y. Safra Bank, FSB, member FDIC. All loans are subject to individual approval and adherence to underwriting guidelines. Program restrictions, other terms, and conditions apply.
Rates shown are for the College Ave Undergraduate Loan product and include autopay discount. The 0.25% auto-pay interest rate reduction applies as long as a valid bank account is designated for required monthly payments. Variable rates may increase after consummation.
Information advertised valid as of 4/22/2021. Variable interest rates may increase after consummation. Lowest advertised rates require selection of full principal and interest payments with the shortest available loan term.
2 Sallie Mae Disclaimer: Click here for important information. Terms, conditions and limitations apply.
3 Important Disclosures for Discover.
Lowest APRs shown for Discover Student Loans are available for the most creditworthy applicants for undergraduate loans, and include an interest-only repayment discount and a 0.25% interest rate reduction while enrolled in automatic payments.
4 Important Disclosures for SoFi.
UNDERGRADUATE LOANS: Fixed rates from 4.23% to 11.26% annual percentage rate (“APR”) (with autopay), variable rates from 1.88% to 11.66% APR (with autopay). GRADUATE LOANS: Fixed rates from 4.13% to 11.37% APR (with autopay), variable rates from 1.78% to 11.73% APR (with autopay). MBA AND LAW SCHOOL LOANS: Fixed rates from 4.30% to 11.52% APR (with autopay), variable rates from 1.95% to 11.89% APR (with autopay). PARENT LOANS: Fixed rates from 4.60% to 10.76% APR (with autopay), variable rates from 1.88% to 11.16% APR (with autopay). For variable rate loans, the variable interest rate is derived from the one-month LIBOR rate plus a margin and your APR may increase after origination if the LIBOR increases. Changes in the one-month LIBOR rate may cause your monthly payment to increase or decrease. Interest rates for variable rate loans are capped at 13.95%, unless required to be lower to comply with applicable law. Lowest rates are reserved for the most creditworthy borrowers. If approved for a loan, the interest rate offered will depend on your creditworthiness, the repayment option you select, the term and amount of the loan and other factors, and will be within the ranges of rates listed above. The SoFi 0.25% autopay interest rate reduction requires you to agree to make monthly principal and interest payments by an automatic monthly deduction from a savings or checking account. The benefit will discontinue and be lost for periods in which you do not pay by automatic deduction from a savings or checking account. Information current as of 11/04/2020. Enrolling in autopay is not required to receive a loan from SoFi. SoFi Lending Corp., licensed by the Department of Business Oversight under the California Financing Law License No. 6054612. NMLS #1121636 (www.nmlsconsumeraccess.org).
5 Important Disclosures for Earnest.
6 Important Disclosures for Citizens Bank.
Citizens Bank Disclosures
Undergraduate Rate Disclosure: Variable interest rates range from 2.76% – 7.14% (2.76% – 7.14% APR). Fixed interest rates range from 3.01% – 7.50% (3.01% – 7.50% APR).
Graduate Rate Disclosure: Variable interest rates range from 2.19% – 6.73% (2.19% – 6.73% APR). Fixed interest rates range from 2.89% – 7.09% (2.89%-7.09% APR).
Business/Law Rate Disclosure: Variable interest rates range from 1.36% – 9.54% (1.36% – 8.82% APR). Fixed interest rates range from 4.13% – 9.84% (4.13% – 9.12% APR).
Medical/Dental Rate Disclosure: Variable interest rates range from 1.36% – 8.34% (1.36% – 8.04% APR). Fixed interest rates range from 4.03% – 8.64% (4.03% – 8.34% APR).
Parent Loan Rate Disclosure: Variable interest rates range from 2.10% – 7.41% (2.10%-7.41% APR). Fixed interest rates range from 4.69% – 7.83% (4.69% – 7.83% APR).
Bar Study Rate Disclosure: Variable interest rates range from 4.45% – 9.60% (4.45% – 9.53% APR). Fixed interest rates range from 7.39% – 12.94% (7.38% – 12.81% APR).
Medical Residency Rate Disclosure: Variable interest rates range from 3.55% – 7.05% (3.55% – 6.77% APR). Fixed interest rates range from 6.99% – 10.49% (6.97% – 10.07% APR).
Variable Rate Disclosure: Variable Rates are based on the one-month London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) published in The Wall Street Journal on the twenty-fifth day, or the next business day, of the preceding calendar month. As of March 1, 2021, the one-month LIBOR rate is 0.11%. Variable interest rates will fluctuate over the term of the loan with changes in the LIBOR rate, and will vary based on applicable terms, level of degree and presence of a co-signer. The maximum variable rate is the greater of 21.00% or Prime Rate plus 9.00%.
Fixed Rate Disclosure: Fixed rate ranges are based on applicable terms, level of degree, and presence of a co-signer.
Lowest Rate Disclosure: Lowest rates require a 5-year repayment term, immediate repayment, a graduate degree (where applicable), and include our Loyalty and Automatic Payment discounts of 0.25 percentage points each, as outlined in the Loyalty Discount and Automatic Payment Discount disclosures. Rates are subject to additional terms and conditions, and are subject to change at any time without notice. Such changes will only apply to applications taken after the effective date of change.
Federal Loan vs. Private Loan Benefits: Some federal student loans include unique benefits that the borrower may not receive with a private student loan, some of which we do not offer. Borrowers should carefully review federal benefits, especially if they work in public service, are in the military, are considering possible loan forgiveness options, are currently on or considering income based repayment options or are concerned about a steady source of future income and would want to lower their payments at some time in the future. When the borrower refinances, they waive any current and potential future benefits of their federal loans. For more information about federal student loan benefits and federal loan consolidation, visit http://studentaid.ed.gov/. We also have several resources available to help the borrower make a decision on our website including Should I Refinance My Student Loans? and our FAQs. Should I Refinance My Student Loans? includes a comparison of federal and private student loan benefits that we encourage the borrower to review.
Eligibility Criteria: Applicants must be a U.S. citizen, permanent resident, or eligible non-citizen with a creditworthy U.S. citizen or permanent resident co-signer. For applicants who have not attained the age of majority in their state of residence, a co-signer is required. Citizens Bank reserves the right to modify eligibility criteria at any time. Citizens Bank private student loans are subject to credit qualification, completion of a loan application/Promissory Note, verification of application information, and if applicable, self-certification form, school certification of the loan amount, and student’s enrollment at a Citizens Bank participating school.
Loyalty Discount Disclosure: The borrower will be eligible for a 0.25 percentage point interest rate reduction on their loan if the borrower or their co-signer (if applicable) has a qualifying account in existence with us at the time the borrower and their co-signer (if applicable) have submitted a completed application authorizing us to review their credit request for the loan. The following are qualifying accounts: any checking account, savings account, money market account, certificate of deposit, automobile loan, home equity loan, home equity line of credit, mortgage, credit card account, or other student loans owned by Citizens Bank, N.A. Please note, our checking and savings account options are only available in the following states: CT, DE, MA, MI, NH, NJ, NY, OH, PA, RI, and VT and some products may have an associated cost. This discount will be reflected in the interest rate disclosed in the Loan Approval Disclosure that will be provided to the borrower once the loan is approved. Limit of one Loyalty Discount per loan and discount will not be applied to prior loans. The Loyalty Discount will remain in effect for the life of the loan.
Automatic Payment Discount Disclosure: Borrowers will be eligible to receive a 0.25 percentage point interest rate reduction on their student loans owned by Citizens Bank, N.A. during such time as payments are required to be made and our loan servicer is authorized to automatically deduct payments each month from any bank account the borrower designates. Discount is not available when payments are not due, such as during forbearance. If our loan servicer is unable to successfully withdraw the automatic deductions from the designated account three or more times within any 12-month period, the borrower will no longer be eligible for this discount.
7 Important Disclosures for Ascent.
Ascent Student Loans are funded by Richland State Bank (RSB), Member FDIC. Loan products December not be available in certain jurisdictions. Certain restrictions, limitations; and terms and conditions December apply. For Ascent Terms and Conditions please visit: www.AscentStudentLoans.com/Ts&Cs
Rates are effective as of 12/01/2020 and reflect an automatic payment discount of 0.25% on the lowest offered rate and a 2.00% discount on the highest offered rate. Automatic Payment Discount is available if the borrower is enrolled in automatic payments from their personal checking account and the amount is successfully withdrawn from the authorized bank account each month. For Ascent rates and repayment examples please visit: www.AscentStudentLoans.com/Rates
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