When something is stressful or scary like student debt can be, the brain might have a natural response: Avoid it. But experts say that’s a mistake.
“Just by ignoring debt — it won’t go away,” said Joshua Harris, a certified financial planner and advisor for the department of finance at Clemson University’s College of Business. “It’ll only get worse with penalties, excess interest, and other ramifications.” By facing student loan struggles head-on, borrowers will be better prepared and more capable of living their lives to the fullest, he said.
Here are some strategies to take your student loan debt from under water to under control.
1. Face your student debt
The first step in coming to terms with your student debt is to shine a light on it. Be willing to face the truth, no matter how ugly.
Start by figuring out exactly how much you owe:
- Check the National Student Loan Data System (NSLDS) to find a full list of federal student loans in your name.
- Review your credit report to verify it lists your NSLDS accounts accurately. Your credit report also will list your private student loan amounts.
Once you know how much you owe, it’s time to own your debt. You agreed to the lender’s terms when you took out the debt, and now you must manage and repay it. You should resolve to take this responsibility seriously and create your own solution.
2. Use your debt stress to fuel action
Student loans sometimes can feel so scary that even the thought of them can trigger a fight-or-flight response. In fact, our student debt stress survey found that more than 67% of respondents reported suffering from physical symptoms as a result of their student debt stress, including headaches, sleep loss, muscle tension, and stomachaches.
If you’re having these reactions, treat them as important feedback from your nervous system. They’re telling you that your student debt is getting scary and possibly out of control.
These reactions also come with a rush of physical responses designed to make you take action. Allow your heightened emotional state to help you focus and motivate you to work toward a student loan solution.
3. Don’t let your student debt define you
Unfortunately, student loans can affect more than your emotions and mood. “Borrowers will carry a lot of mixed feelings about their debt, and it’s important to recognize those feelings before you make a plan to get out of debt,” Harris said.
Student debt can reinforce negative beliefs you might harbor about debt, money, and even yourself. Instead of being one issue you have to deal with, your student debt can become part of how you view yourself.
Pay attention to how you think about yourself and your debt. Notice if it brings on negative self-talk. You might call yourself stupid, for instance, or berate yourself for taking out the loans.
If that happens, take a step back and challenge those negative beliefs. “What’s … important to remember is that numbers on a spreadsheet don’t make you you,” Harris added. Remind yourself that your value and worth as a person could never be measured by your assets or debt. Take a compassionate and less judgmental view of yourself and your student debt.
4. Recognize the progress you’ve made
Have you ever made a student loan mistake? If it comes to mind right away, try to think of something you did right with your student debt. It might not be as easy to come up with an example.
That’s because the mind has a tendency to overlook successes. Instead, it might catalog and dwell on every misstep. This process is called mental filtering.
Since your mind might more naturally recall student debt mistakes, try being your own mental champion. “Student loans are scary and overwhelming — but remember that with each payment you’re closer to being completely independent of that debt,” Harris said.
Celebrate every student loan win, even the small steps forward. Give yourself credit for the work you’ve done and are doing on your debt (you’re reading this article, for instance, to learn about more strategies).
5. Talk about your student debt
Another way to come to terms with your student debt is to talk about it with others. That might go against your natural instincts. More than 74% of borrowers shut other people out of their lives in response to student debt stress, according to our survey.
Reaching out to others for social connection and support can be a powerful component of your student debt strategy. It can help in two important ways.
It normalizes your student debt
Borrowers often feel embarrassed by and ashamed of their student debt. You might think that everyone else seems to have it figured out while you’re struggling. But if you start opening up about this struggle with people you trust, you might find that others in your social circle facing similar situations.
“Wouldn’t it be great if everyone posted their pain and agony each month when they make their student loan payment via social media?” Harris asked. You might start to see that student debt is a part of many adults’ lives and finances and that it doesn’t make you a failure.
It provides support on your path to student loan payoff success
As you start talking about debt with trusted friends, you could find support in paying off your student debt.
“Don’t be afraid to be proud of each payment you’re making, as it’s bringing you that much closer to being free of the debt,” Harris said. “You’d be surprised how much support you’ll receive from friends who are experiencing the same thing.”
6. Take a break from student debt when needed
Sometimes you need a break from your student loans. While many get-out-of-debt gurus suggest tackling debt with laser focus, the truth is life might not always cooperate with your efforts.
For instance, you might need to defer your student loan payments after a job loss. If your income is low compared to your student loan balance, an income-driven repayment plan can give you some breathing room in your budget.
At times, the most responsible way to manage student debt might be to take a break from it. “Explore the repayment options available to you and determine what time frame, monthly payment, and overall interest works best with your own financial plan,” Harris said.
7. Seek professional help
A professional can provide invaluable advice and support while you manage your student debt and financial stress. “If that still feels overwhelming, working with a certified financial planner who specializes in student loans can help you make a plan to eliminate the debt,” Harris said.
You also might benefit from therapy with a licensed mental health professional who can give you personalized support and treatment.
Lastly, never forget that you’re bigger than your student debt. “Right now, your life is not defined by how much debt you have,” Harris said. “You define your own life and how you want to live it.”
Interested in refinancing student loans?Here are the top 6 lenders of 2018!
|Lender||Variable APR||Eligible Degrees|
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1 Important Disclosures for Earnest.
To qualify, you must be a U.S. citizen or possess a 10-year (non-conditional) Permanent Resident Card, reside in a state Earnest lends in, and satisfy our minimum eligibility criteria. You may find more information on loan eligibility here: https://www.earnest.com/eligibility. Not all applicants will be approved for a loan, and not all applicants will qualify for the lowest rate. Approval and interest rate depend on the review of a complete application.
Earnest fixed rate loan rates range from 3.89% APR (with Auto Pay) to 6.97% APR (with Auto Pay). Variable rate loan rates range from 2.47% APR (with Auto Pay) to 6.30% APR (with Auto Pay). For variable rate loans, although the interest rate will vary after you are approved, the interest rate will never exceed 8.95% for loan terms 10 years or less. For loan terms of 10 years to 15 years, the interest rate will never exceed 9.95%. For loan terms over 15 years, the interest rate will never exceed 11.95% (the maximum rates for these loans). Earnest variable interest rate loans are based on a publicly available index, the one month London Interbank Offered Rate (LIBOR). Your rate will be calculated each month by adding a margin between 1.82% and 5.50% to the one month LIBOR. The rate will not increase more than once per month. Earnest rate ranges are current as of Month/Day/Year, and are subject to change based on market conditions and borrower eligibility.
Auto Pay discount: If you make monthly principal and interest payments by an automatic, monthly deduction from a savings or checking account, your rate will be reduced by one quarter of one percent (0.25%) for so long as you continue to make automatic, electronic monthly payments. This benefit is suspended during periods of deferment and forbearance.
The information provided on this page is updated as of 08/21/18. Earnest reserves the right to change, pause, or terminate product offerings at any time without notice. Earnest loans are originated by Earnest Operations LLC. California Finance Lender License 6054788. NMLS # 1204917. Earnest Operations LLC is located at 302 2nd Street, Suite 401N, San Francisco, CA 94107. Terms and Conditions apply. Visit https://www.earnest.com/terms-of-service, email us at firstname.lastname@example.org, or call 888-601-2801 for more information on ourstudent loan refinance product.
© 2018 Earnest LLC. All rights reserved. Earnest LLC and its subsidiaries, including Earnest Operations LLC, are not sponsored by or agencies of the United States of America.
2 Important Disclosures for Laurel Road.
Laurel Road Disclosures
APR stands for “Annual Percentage Rate.” Rates listed include a 0.25% EFT discount, for automatic payments made from a checking or savings account. Interest rates as of 11/8/2018. Rates subject to change.
Variable rate options consist of a range from 3.27% per year to 6.09% per year for a 5-year term, 4.64% per year to 6.14% per year for a 7-year term, 4.69% per year to 6.19% per year for a 10-year term, 4.94% per year to 6.44% per year for a 15-year term, or 5.19% per year to 6.69% per year for a 20-year term, with no origination fees. APR is subject to increase after consummation. The variable interest rate will change on the first day of every month (“Change Date”) if the Current Index changes. The variable interest rates are based on a Current Index, which is the 1-month London Interbank Offered Rate (LIBOR) (currency in US dollars), as published on The Wall Street Journal’s website. The variable interest rates and Annual Percentage Rate (APR) will increase or decrease when the 1-month LIBOR index changes. The variable interest rates are calculated by adding a margin ranging from 0.98% to 3.80% for the 5-year term loan, 2.35% to 3.85% for the 7-year term loan, 2.40% to 3.90% for the 10-year term loan, 2.65% to 4.15% for the 15-year term loan, and 2.90% to 4.40% for the 20-year term loan, respectively, to the 1-month LIBOR index published on the 25th day of each month immediately preceding each “Change Date,” as defined above, rounded to two decimal places, with no origination fees. If the 25th day of the month is not a business day or is a US federal holiday, the reference date will be the most recent date preceding the 25th day of the month that is a business day. The monthly payment for a sample $10,000 loan at a range of 3.27% per year to 6.09% per year for a 5-year term would be from $180.89 to $193.75. The monthly payment for a sample $10,000 loan at a range of 4.64% per year to 6.14% per year for a 7-year term would be from $139.65 to $146.76. The monthly payment for a sample $10,000 loan at a range of 4.69% per year to 6.19% per year for a 10-year term would be from $104.56 to $111.98. The monthly payment for a sample $10,000 loan at a range of 4.94% per year to 6.44% per year for a 15-year term would be from $78.77 to $86.78. The monthly payment for a sample $10,000 loan at a range of 5.19% per year to 6.69% per year for a 20-year term would be from $67.05 to $75.68.
However, if the borrower chooses to make monthly payments automatically by electronic funds transfer (EFT) from a bank account, the variable rate will decrease by 0.25%, and will increase back up to the regular variable interest rate described in the preceding paragraph if the borrower stops making (or we stop accepting) monthly payments automatically by EFT from the designated borrower’s bank account.
3 Important Disclosures for SoFi.
4 Important Disclosures for LendKey.
Refinancing via LendKey.com is only available for applicants with qualified private education loans from an eligible institution. Loans that were used for exam preparation classes, including, but not limited to, loans for LSAT, MCAT, GMAT, and GRE preparation, are not eligible for refinancing with a lender via LendKey.com. If you currently have any of these exam preparation loans, you should not include them in an application to refinance your student loans on this website. Applicants must be either U.S. citizens or Permanent Residents in an eligible state to qualify for a loan. Certain membership requirements (including the opening of a share account and any applicable association fees in connection with membership) may apply in the event that an applicant wishes to accept a loan offer from a credit union lender. Lenders participating on LendKey.com reserve the right to modify or discontinue the products, terms, and benefits offered on this website at any time without notice. LendKey Technologies, Inc. is not affiliated with, nor does it endorse, any educational institution.
5 Important Disclosures for CommonBond.
Offered terms are subject to change. Loans are offered by CommonBond Lending, LLC (NMLS # 1175900). If you are approved for a loan, the interest rate offered will depend on your credit profile, your application, the loan term selected and will be within the ranges of rates shown.
All Annual Percentage Rates (APRs) displayed assume borrowers enroll in auto pay and account for the 0.25% reduction in interest rate. All variable rates are based on a 1-month LIBOR assumption of 2.28% effective October 10, 2018.
6 Important Disclosures for Citizens Bank.
Citizens Bank Disclosures
|2.47% – 6.99%3||Undergrad & Graduate|
|2.47% – 6.30%1||Undergrad & Graduate|
|2.51% – 8.09%4||Undergrad & Graduate|
|3.02% – 6.44%2||Undergrad & Graduate|
|2.69% – 7.21%5||Undergrad & Graduate|
|2.79% – 8.39%6||Undergrad & Graduate|