Student loan debt balances have grown more than 200% over the past decade, and increasing numbers of borrowers carry student loans into their 30s and 40s. What’s more, avoiding such debt isn’t easy, with far more college students taking out student loans (69%) than not (31%).
Given the financial burden on students today, Student Loan Hero wondered if college was still worth the sky-high costs that often go with it. Does a college degree lead to a higher net worth, or is it possible that — at least in the near term — not going to college could spell better financial health?
To answer this question, we examined recent Federal Reserve data on net worth, financial assets, and debt repayment to compare trends among college graduates, those with some college, and those with only a high school education.
- College graduates younger than 35 have a higher median net worth ($20,980) than high school graduates or those with some college education in the same age group, despite having significantly more debt.
- Those with just a high school education have a higher net worth ($10,275) than those with some college education but no degree ($7,200).
- Over the past two decades, however, the median net worth of under-35 college graduates and those with some college have fallen by about 47%. Those with only high school educations fell by a more modest percentage (nearly 10%) over the same period.
- The median total debt level of under-35 college graduates has grown 57% since 1998, hitting $64,000 in 2016 up from $40,870 in 1998. Those with some college saw median debt levels grow by about 4.5%, to $19,180 from $18,369.
College graduates have higher net worth (despite the debt)
Net worth refers to the value of all your assets (including savings, investments and property), minus your liabilities (such as credit card debt or student loans). Since many college graduates take on a lot of debt for school, you might expect them to have lower net worth than their counterparts with no student loans.
But according to the results of our study, college degrees lead to greater net worth, despite the debt that often comes with them. We found that under-35 college graduates have a higher median net worth than high school graduates or those with some college education.
Specifically, the graduates in this group had a median net worth of $20,980, while high school graduates clocked a median net worth of $10,275, and those with some college education but no degree came in last, at $7,200. College degrees tend to lead to high-paying jobs, according to Labor Department data, which in turn could contribute to the higher net worth enjoyed by those with a degree.
But their net worth is lower than it’s been in decades
While a college degree appears to be an asset when it comes to building net worth, today’s graduates are lagging behind previous generations when it comes to wealth.
Specifically, the net worth of graduates under 35 is nearly $51,000 lower than the $71,943 median net worth of the same segment in 2001. In fact, over the past two decades, the median net worth of under-35 college graduates and some college educated households has fallen by 47%.
While those with a high school education or some college education have lower net worths than college graduates do, the decline hasn’t been so dramatic. For instance, the net worth of individuals with a high school education fell only 10% over the last 20 years.
Having student loans with no degree can hurt net worth
Although a college degree usually involves debt, it seems to pay off with a higher-income job and a stronger net worth. But the same cannot be said for individuals who attend some college but leave before earning their degree.
Those with some college education had a lower net worth ($7,200) than those who hadn’t attended college at all ($10,275). This difference might be due in no small part to student loan borrowing — racking up loans but lacking the prospect of a well-paying job to pay them off.
Leaving college without a degree may cause debt repayment problems
Not only did those who left college before graduating have the lowest rates of net worth, but they tended to show higher rates of delinquency on their debt. Looking at data between 1989 and 2016, this group tended to miss payments on their debt more frequently than the other two groups.
In 2016, for instance, 28% of those with some college education had missed a payment in the previous year, as compared to 20% of high school graduates and 10% of college graduates. Missing payments can lead to default, which in turn can damage credit, making it even harder to improve your financial health.
High school graduates have less debt but lower net worth
Although high school graduates tended to have a lower net worth than those who went to college, they also usually had better financial health when it came to debt. In 2016, the median debt for high school graduates was $9,900, while for college graduates, it was more than six times higher at $64,000.
This gap has grown over the past 20 years, with median total debt levels of under-35 college graduates growing 57% since 1998. Those with some college saw median debt levels grow by 4% to $19,180, and those with only high school educations actually had slightly lower median debt than they did two decades ago.
While total debt is only one piece of the puzzle when it comes to financial health, owing less can make it easier to meet your savings goals.
Is college worth it? The data still says yes
With both the cost of college and the rate of student loan borrowing at all-time highs, it’s natural to question whether higher education is worth the costs.
According to the data, this financial investment does appear to have solid returns in the form of higher net worth and a stronger likelihood of keeping up with debt repayment.
At the same time, those who aren’t sure about college should proceed with caution, as leaving school before you earn your degree appears to cause even greater harm to your finances than not going to college in the first place. If this describes you, look into ways to manage your debt and boost your financial health.
This might involve going back to school to finish your degree or consolidating debt to simplify repayment. If your credit is subpar, look for strategies to improve it fast. And if you have student loans from your time at school, remember there are some banks that will approve you for student loan refinancing, even if you didn’t graduate.
Whatever steps you can take to get up to date with debt and increase your earnings will help you in both the short and long term, regardless of your education level.
Interested in refinancing student loans?Here are the top 9 lenders of 2022!
|Lender||Variable APR||Eligible Degrees|
|2.49% – 11.72%1||Undergrad & Graduate|
|2.50% – 6.30%2||Undergrad & Graduate|
|4.13% – 7.39%3||Undergrad & Graduate|
|2.49% – 7.99%4||Undergrad & Graduate|
|2.49% – 7.99%5||Undergrad & Graduate|
|3.24% – 8.24%6||Undergrad & Graduate|
|2.48% – 7.98%||Undergrad |
|1.74% – 7.99%7||Undergrad & Graduate|
|3.69% – 9.92%8||Undergrad & Graduate|
|Check out the testimonials and our in-depth reviews!
1 Important Disclosures for Splash Financial.
Splash Financial Disclosures
Terms and Conditions apply. Splash reserves the right to modify or discontinue products and benefits at any time without notice. Rates and terms are also subject to change at any time without notice. Offers are subject to credit approval. To qualify, a borrower must be a U.S. citizen or permanent resident in an eligible state and meet applicable underwriting requirements. Not all borrowers receive the lowest rate. Lowest rates are reserved for the highest qualified borrowers. If approved, your actual rate will be within a range of rates and will depend on a variety of factors, including term of loan, a responsible financial history, income and other factors. Refinancing or consolidating private and federal student loans may not be the right decision for everyone. Federal loans carry special benefits not available for loans made through Splash Financial, for example, public service loan forgiveness and economic hardship programs, fee waivers and rebates on the principal, which may not be accessible to you after you refinance. The rates displayed may include a 0.25% autopay discount. Fixed loans feature repayment terms of 5 to 20 years. For example, the monthly payment for a sample $10,000 with an APR of 5.47% for a 12-year term would be $94.86. Variable loans feature repayment terms of 5 to 25 years. For example, the monthly payment for a sample $10,000 with an APR of 5.90% for a 15-year term would be $83.85.
The information you provide to us is an inquiry to determine whether we or our lenders can make a loan offer that meets your needs. If we or any of our lending partners has an available loan offer for you, you will be invited to submit a loan application to the lender for its review. We do not guarantee that you will receive any loan offers or that your loan application will be approved. Offers are subject to credit approval and are available only to U.S. citizens or permanent residents who meet applicable underwriting requirements. Not all borrowers will receive the lowest rates, which are available to the most qualified borrowers. Participating lenders, rates and terms are subject to change at any time without notice.
To check the rates and terms you qualify for, Splash Financial conducts a soft credit pull that will not affect your credit score. However, if you choose a product and continue your application, the lender will request your full credit report from one or more consumer reporting agencies, which is considered a hard credit pull and may affect your credit.
Splash Financial and our lending partners reserve the right to modify or discontinue products and benefits at any time without notice. To qualify, a borrower must be a U.S. citizen and meet our lending partner’s underwriting requirements. Lowest rates are reserved for the highest qualified borrowers. This information is current as of September 6, 2022.
2 Important Disclosures for Laurel Road.
Laurel Road Disclosures
All credit products are subject to credit approval.
Laurel Road began originating student loans in 2013 and has since helped thousands of professionals with undergraduate and postgraduate degrees consolidate and refinance more than $9 billion in federal and private school loans. Laurel Road also offers a suite of online graduate school loan products and personal loans that help simplify lending through customized technology and personalized service. In April 2019, Laurel Road was acquired by KeyBank, one of the nation’s largest bank-based financial services companies. Laurel Road is a brand of KeyBank National Association offering online lending products in all 50 U.S. states, Washington, D.C., and Puerto Rico. All loans are provided by KeyBank National Association, a nationally chartered bank. Member FDIC. For more information, visit www.laurelroad.com.
As used throughout these Terms & Conditions, the term “Lender” refers to KeyBank National Association and its affiliates, agents, guaranty insurers, investors, assigns, and successors in interest.
Assumptions: Repayment examples above assume a loan amount of $10,000 with repayment beginning immediately following disbursement. Repayment examples do not include the 0.25% AutoPay Discount.
Annual Percentage Rate (“APR”): This term represents the actual cost of financing to the borrower over the life of the loan expressed as a yearly rate.
Interest Rate: A simple annual rate that is applied to an unpaid balance.
Variable Rates: The current index for variable rate loans is derived from the one-month London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) and changes in the LIBOR index may cause your monthly payment to increase. Borrowers who take out a term of 5, 7, or 10 years will have a maximum interest rate of 9%, those who take out a 15 or 20-year variable loan will have a maximum interest rate of 10%.
KEYBANK NATIONAL ASSOCIATION RESERVES THE RIGHT TO MODIFY OR DISCONTINUE PRODUCTS AND BENEFITS AT ANY TIME WITHOUT NOTICE.
This information is current as of April 29, 2021. Information and rates are subject to change without notice.
3 Important Disclosures for LendKey.
Refinancing via LendKey.com is only available for applicants with qualified private education loans from an eligible institution. Loans that were used for exam preparation classes, including, but not limited to, loans for LSAT, MCAT, GMAT, and GRE preparation, are not eligible for refinancing with a lender via LendKey.com. If you currently have any of these exam preparation loans, you should not include them in an application to refinance your student loans on this website. Applicants must be either U.S. citizens or Permanent Residents in an eligible state to qualify for a loan. Certain membership requirements (including the opening of a share account and any applicable association fees in connection with membership) may apply in the event that an applicant wishes to accept a loan offer from a credit union lender. Lenders participating on LendKey.com reserve the right to modify or discontinue the products, terms, and benefits offered on this website at any time without notice. LendKey Technologies, Inc. is not affiliated with, nor does it endorse, any educational institution.
Subject to floor rate and may require the automatic payments be made from a checking or savings account with the lender. The rate reduction will be removed and the rate will be increased by 0.25% upon any cancellation or failed collection attempt of the automatic payment and will be suspended during any period of deferment or forbearance. As a result, during the forbearance or suspension period, and/or if the automatic payment is canceled, any increase will take the form of higher payments. The lowest advertised variable APR is only available for loan terms of 5 years and is reserved for applicants with FICO scores of at least 810.
As of 09/09/2022 student loan refinancing rates range from 4.13% APR – 7.39% Variable APR with AutoPay and 2.99% APR – 9.93% Fixed APR with AutoPay.
4 Rate range above includes optional 0.25% Auto Pay discount. Important Disclosures for Earnest.
You can choose between fixed and variable rates. Fixed interest rates are 3.99% – 8.74% APR (3.74% – 8.49% APR with Auto Pay discount). Starting variable interest rates are 2.74% APR to 8.24% APR (2.49% – 7.99% APR with Auto Pay discount). Variable rates are based on an index, the 30-day Average Secured Overnight Financing Rate (SOFR) plus a margin. Variable rates are reset monthly based on the fluctuation of the index. We do not currently offer variable rate loans in AK, CO, CT, HI, IL, KY, MA, MN, MS, NH, OH, OK, SC, TN, TX, and VA.
5 Important Disclosures for Navient.
6 Important Disclosures for SoFi.
Fixed rates range from 3.99% APR to 8.24% APR with a 0.25% autopay discount. Variable rates from 3.24% APR to 8.24% APR with a 0.25% autopay discount. Unless required to be lower to comply with applicable law, Variable Interest rates on 5-, 7-, and 10-year terms are capped at 8.95% APR; 15- and 20-year terms are capped at 9.95% APR. Your actual rate will be within the range of rates listed above and will depend on the term you select, evaluation of your creditworthiness, income, presence of a co-signer and a variety of other factors. Lowest rates reserved for the most creditworthy borrowers. For the SoFi variable-rate product, the variable interest rate for a given month is derived by adding a margin to the 30-day average SOFR index, published two business days preceding such calendar month, rounded up to the nearest one hundredth of one percent (0.01% or 0.0001). APRs for variable-rate loans may increase after origination if the SOFR index increases. The SoFi 0.25% autopay interest rate reduction requires you to agree to make monthly principal and interest payments by an automatic monthly deduction from a savings or checking account. This benefit will discontinue and be lost for periods in which you do not pay by automatic deduction from a savings or checking account. The benefit lowers your interest rate but does not change the amount of your monthly payment. This benefit is suspended during periods of deferment and forbearance. Autopay is not required to receive a loan from SoFi.
7 Important Disclosures for Purefy.
Purefy Student Loan Refinancing Rate and Terms Disclosure: Annual Percentage Rates (APR) ranges and examples are based on information provided to Purefy by lenders participating in Purefy’s rate comparison platform. For student loan refinancing, the participating lenders offer fixed rates ranging from 2.73% – 7.99% APR, and variable rates ranging from 1.74% – 7.99% APR. The maximum variable rate is 25.00%. Your interest rate will be based on the lender’s requirements. In most cases, lenders determine the interest rates based on your credit score, degree type and other credit and financial criteria. Only borrowers with excellent credit and meeting other lender criteria will qualify for the lowest rate available. Rates and terms are subject to change at any time without notice. Terms and conditions apply.
8 Important Disclosures for Citizens.
Education Refinance Loan Rate Disclosure: Variable interest rates range from 3.69%-9.92% (3.69%-9.92% APR). Fixed interest rates range from 4.49%-10.11% (4.49%-10.11% APR).
Undergraduate Rate Disclosure: Variable interest rates range from 6.39%- 9.60% (6.39% – 9.60% APR). Fixed interest rates range from 6.58% – 9.79% (6.58% – 9.79% APR).
Graduate Rate Disclosure: Variable interest rates range from 3.69% – 9.16% (3.69% – 9.16% APR). Fixed interest rates range from 4.49% – 9.35% (4.49% – 9.35% APR).
Education Refinance Loan for Parents Rate Disclosure: Variable interest rates range from 3.69%- 9.09% (3.69%- 9.09% APR). Fixed interest rates range from 4.49% – 9.28% (4.49% – 9.28% APR).
Medical Residency Refinance Loan Rate Disclosure: Variable interest rates range from 3.69% – 9.16% (3.69% – 9.16% APR). Fixed interest rates range from 4.49% – 9.35% (4.49% – 9.35% APR).