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Attending college in Puerto Rico can mean living within walking distance of beautiful beaches, chowing down on scrumptious arroz con dulce (rice pudding) and getting a solid bilingual education. But, for many students, it can also mean taking out Puerto Rico student loans. In fact, at the University of Puerto Rico, students who take out loans to cover school costs borrow an average of $3,460 just for their freshman year alone.
The good news is, you have a number of options to get student loans in Puerto Rico that have affordable interest rates and favorable terms. You also have opportunities to refinance your Puerto Rico student loans after graduation to save money or even just to make your monthly payments more affordable. Read on to find out your options.
How to get Puerto Rico student loans
When looking for student loans in Puerto Rico, your options are mainly limited to the federal government or private lenders, as Puerto Rico doesn’t have some of the specific local programs found in many U.S. states.
As you consider your choices, note that private student loans do not have the same borrower protections as federal ones, so you should exhaust government loans first before getting private student loans to cover additional costs.
Federal student loans
For students in Puerto Rico, the direct loan program run by the federal government is the best place to secure financing for your education.
When you apply to take out direct loans, your credit score doesn’t matter, and you don’t need proof of income. You also don’t need to shop around among different lenders because the interest rate and origination fee for direct loans are set by the government. And fortunately, interest is typically lower than for private loan rates.
There are two types of direct loans: subsidized and unsubsidized loans. Only undergraduates with financial need can qualify for subsidized loans, and the government pays interest on these loans while students are in school and during a six-month grace period afterward. On the other hand, both undergraduates and graduate or professional students can get unsubsidized loans, which aren’t need-based and do not come with subsidized interest while in school.
Graduate students and parents can also take out PLUS loans, though interest rates for these are a little higher, so it’s important to compare options carefully in case a private student loan might offer a better deal.
Federal loans have many important borrower protections not available with private lenders. These include income-based repayment plans that cap monthly payments based on income, as well as Public Service Loan Forgiveness (PSLF) to allow qualifying workers to have their loan balances forgiven after 120 on-time payments.
Puerto Rico does not offer its own separate in-state loan program, but the Department of Education announced recently that it was working with the Puerto Rico Department of Education to create a student-centered funding system under the Every Student Succeeds Act.
To become eligible for federal student loans while going to school in Puerto Rico, students need to complete their Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA). Here’s an overview of federal student loan options and terms.
|Federal student loan||Who can use it?||Interest rate (2018-19)||One-time loan fee||Interest paid for you during deferment||Annual loan limit|
|Subsidized||Undergraduate students with a demonstrated financial need||5.05%||1.062%||Yes||Up to $5,500 per school year|
|Unsubsidized||Undergraduate students||5.05%||1.062%||No||Up to $7,500 per school year for dependent students
Up to $12,500 per school year for independent students
|Unsubsidized (for graduate students)||Students working toward a graduate or professional degree||6.60%||1.062%||No||Up to $20,500 per school year|
|PLUS||Graduate students and parents of undergraduate students||7.60%||4.248%||No||Cost of attendance, after all other student aid is applied|
|All information current as of Oct. 4, 2018. Source: Federal Student Aid|
Private student loans
After exhausting federal funding, students who still need to borrow funds may turn to private student loans provided by banks, credit unions and online lenders. Some good options to obtain private student loans in Puerto Rico include:
- College Ave
- Currently offers APRs ranging from 1.49% to 12.99%
- Extends parent loans as well as loans for students
- Ascent Student Loans
- APRs available currently run from 3.18% to 14.92%
- Offers 1% cashback graduation award
- APRs here currently go from 2.99% to 8.49%
- Allows you to release your cosigner
There are no standard interest rates or terms with private lenders, unlike with federal student loans. This makes it important to comparison shop among different lenders to find the right private student loans for your situation.
Students will need good credit and proof of income to get private student loans, which makes qualifying difficult for many young people. In this case, finding a cosigner to accept shared legal responsibility for the loans could be necessary.
You’ll also need to pay attention to whether rates are fixed — which means they’ll stay the same the whole time you have the loan — or variable and can fluctuate with the market, meaning your payment could potentially rise. Federal loans, by comparison, are always fixed.
How to refinance Puerto Rico student loans
After graduation, you may decide to refinance your Puerto Rico student loans. This means taking a new loan and using the funds to repay your existing student debt.
Refinancing could potentially lower your interest rate, making monthly payments more affordable. You can also choose the term length of your new loan, giving yourself more time with smaller payments, or shortening it to get out of debt faster and save on interest.
Likewise, you also have the convenience of making several loans into a single loan, simplifying your monthly payments.
There are a number of different lenders offering refinance loans including:
- Refinancing APRs run from 3.21% to 8.77%
- Has wide range of terms, from 5 to 20 years
- Offers APRs from 3.22% to 6.45%
- Offers unemployment protection
Since there are variations in terms and interest rates from one refinance loan to another, it is also important to shop around among different lenders that refinance Puerto Rico student loans.
Note that you can refinance both federal and private student loans, but by refinancing federal student loans, you’ll lose access to key borrower protections, including both PSLF and income-based plans.
On the other hand, the federal government does have a direct consolidation loan you can use to turn all your (federal) loans into one, and even adjust the terms, though the interest rate will stay more or less the same.
Bottom line: Student loans in Puerto Rico
When you go to school in Puerto Rico, borrowing is just one option for paying for college. You should always exhaust scholarships and grants first so that you can borrow the minimum possible and keep your debt reasonable.
Once you’ve run through all your sources of free money, as well as work-study options and college savings, look for the most affordable loans possible. Here, you’ll usually want to opt for federal loans first so you can keep interest costs down and make repaying Puerto Rico student loans easier.
Note: Student Loan Hero has independently collected the above information related to student loan interest rates and terms, which is accurate as of October 2018. The financial institutions mentioned have neither provided nor reviewed the information shared in this article.
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|* The Sallie Mae partner referenced is not the creditor for these loans and is compensated by Sallie Mae for the referral of Smart Option Student Loan customers.
1 Sallie Mae Disclaimer: Click here for important information. Terms, conditions and limitations apply.
2 Important Disclosures for College Ave.
College Ave Student Loans products are made available through either Firstrust Bank, member FDIC or M.Y. Safra Bank, FSB, member FDIC. All loans are subject to individual approval and adherence to underwriting guidelines. Program restrictions, other terms, and conditions apply.
1Rates shown are for the College Ave Undergraduate Loan product and include autopay discount. The 0.25% auto-pay interest rate reduction applies as long as a valid bank account is designated for required monthly payments. Variable rates may increase after consummation.
2This informational repayment example uses typical loan terms for a freshman borrower who selects the Deferred Repayment Option with a 10-year repayment term, has a $10,000 loan that is disbursed in one disbursement and a 8.35% fixed Annual Percentage Rate (“APR”): 120 monthly payments of $179.18 while in the repayment period, for a total amount of payments of $21,501.54. Loans will never have a full principal and interest monthly payment of less than $50. Your actual rates and repayment terms may vary. This informational repayment example uses typical loan terms for a first year graduate student borrower who selects the Deferred Repayment Option with a 10-year repayment term, has a $10,000 loan that is disbursed in one disbursement and a 7.10% fixed Annual Percentage Rate (“APR”): 120 monthly payments of $141.66 while in the repayment period, for a total amount of payments of $16,699.21. Loans will never have a full principal and interest monthly payment of less than $50. Your actual rates and repayment terms may vary.
Information advertised valid as of 5/18/2020. Variable interest rates may increase after consummation. Lowest advertised rates require selection of full principal and interest payments with the shortest available loan term.
3 Important Disclosures for Ascent.
Before taking out private student loans, you should explore and compare all financial aid alternatives, including grants, scholarships, and federal student loans and consider your future monthly payments and income. Applying with a cosigner may improve your chance of getting approved and could help you qualify for a lower interest rate. Ascent Student Loans may be funded by Richland State Bank (RSB). Ascent Student Loan products are subject to credit qualification, completion of a loan application, verification of application information and certification of loan amount by a participating school. Loan products may not be available in certain jurisdictions, and certain restrictions, limitations; and terms and conditions may apply. Ascent is a federally registered trademark of Turnstile Capital Management (TCM) and may be used by RSB under limited license. Richland State Bank is a federally registered service mark of Richland State Bank.
* Application times vary depending on the applicant’s ability to supply the necessary information for submission.
4 Important Disclosures for Discover.
Lowest APRs shown are available for the most creditworthy applicants.
5 Important Disclosures for CommonBond.
Offered terms are subject to change and state law restrictions. Loans are offered through CommonBond Lending, LLC (NMLS #1175900).
6 Important Disclosures for Citizens.
Undergraduate Rate Disclosure: Variable interest rates range from 3.54%- 6.40% (3.54% – 6.40% APR). Fixed interest rates range from 3.79% – 6.65% (3.79% – 6.65% APR).
Graduate Rate Disclosure: Variable interest rates range from 2.72% – 6.11% (2.72% – 6.11% APR). Fixed interest rates range from 3.49% – 6.36% (3.49%-6.36% APR).
Business/Law Rate Disclosure: Variable interest rates range from 1.47% – 8.35% (1.47% – 8.20% APR). Fixed interest rates range from 4.45% – 10.74% (4.45% – 10.59% APR).
Medical/Dental Rate Disclosure: Variable interest rates range from 1.47% – 7.25% (1.47% – 7.10% APR). Fixed interest rates range from 4.40% – 9.64% (4.40% – 9.49% APR).
Parent Loan Rate Disclosure: Variable interest rates range from 3.09%-6.23% (3.09%-6.23% APR). Fixed interest rates range from 5.48%-8.52% (5.48%-8.52% APR).
Bar Study Rate Disclosure: Variable interest rates range from 4.79% – 9.93% (4.79% – 9.85% APR). Fixed interest rates range from 7.39% – 12.94% (7.39% – 12.82% APR).
Medical Residency Rate Disclosure: Variable interest rates range from 3.88% – 7.38% (3.88% – 7.04% APR). Fixed interest rates range from 6.99% – 10.49% (6.97% – 10.08% APR).
Variable Rate Disclosure: Variable Rates are based on the one-month London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) published in The Wall Street Journal on the twenty-fifth day, or the next business day, of the preceding calendar month. As of May 1, 2020, the one-month LIBOR rate is 0.44%. Variable interest rates will fluctuate over the term of the loan with changes in the LIBOR rate, and will vary based on applicable terms, level of degree and presence of a co-signer. The maximum variable rate is the greater of 21.00% or Prime Rate plus 9.00%.
Fixed Rate Disclosure: Fixed rate ranges are based on applicable terms, level of degree, and presence of a co-signer.
Lowest Rate Disclosure: Lowest rates require a 5-year repayment term, immediate repayment, a graduate degree (where applicable), and include our Loyalty and Automatic Payment discounts of 0.25 percentage points each, as outlined in the Loyalty Discount and Automatic Payment Discount disclosures. Rates are subject to additional terms and conditions, and are subject to change at any time without notice. Such changes will only apply to applications taken after the effective date of change.
Federal Loan vs. Private Loan Benefits: Some federal student loans include unique benefits that the borrower may not receive with a private student loan, some of which we do not offer. Borrowers should carefully review federal benefits, especially if they work in public service, are in the military, are considering possible loan forgiveness options, are currently on or considering income based repayment options or are concerned about a steady source of future income and would want to lower their payments at some time in the future. When the borrower refinances, they waive any current and potential future benefits of their federal loans. For more information about federal student loan benefits and federal loan consolidation, visit http://studentaid.ed.gov/. We also have several resources available to help the borrower make a decision on our website including Should I Refinance My Student Loans? and our FAQs. Should I Refinance My Student Loans? includes a comparison of federal and private student loan benefits that we encourage the borrower to review.
Eligibility Criteria: Applicants must be a U.S. citizen, permanent resident, or eligible non-citizen with a creditworthy U.S. citizen or permanent resident co-signer. For applicants who have not attained the age of majority in their state of residence, a co-signer is required. Citizens Bank reserves the right to modify eligibility criteria at any time. Citizens Bank private student loans are subject to credit qualification, completion of a loan application/Promissory Note, verification of application information, and if applicable, self-certification form, school certification of the loan amount, and student’s enrollment at a Citizens Bank participating school.
Loyalty Discount Disclosure: The borrower will be eligible for a 0.25 percentage point interest rate reduction on their loan if the borrower or their co-signer (if applicable) has a qualifying account in existence with us at the time the borrower and their co-signer (if applicable) have submitted a completed application authorizing us to review their credit request for the loan. The following are qualifying accounts: any checking account, savings account, money market account, certificate of deposit, automobile loan, home equity loan, home equity line of credit, mortgage, credit card account, or other student loans owned by Citizens Bank, N.A. Please note, our checking and savings account options are only available in the following states: CT, DE, MA, MI, NH, NJ, NY, OH, PA, RI, and VT and some products may have an associated cost. This discount will be reflected in the interest rate disclosed in the Loan Approval Disclosure that will be provided to the borrower once the loan is approved. Limit of one Loyalty Discount per loan and discount will not be applied to prior loans. The Loyalty Discount will remain in effect for the life of the loan.
Automatic Payment Discount Disclosure: Borrowers will be eligible to receive a 0.25 percentage point interest rate reduction on their student loans owned by Citizens Bank, N.A. during such time as payments are required to be made and our loan servicer is authorized to automatically deduct payments each month from any bank account the borrower designates. Discount is not available when payments are not due, such as during forbearance. If our loan servicer is unable to successfully withdraw the automatic deductions from the designated account three or more times within any 12-month period, the borrower will no longer be eligible for this discount.
|2.00% – 10.01%*,1||Undergraduate and Graduate|
|1.49% – 11.98%2||Undergraduate, Graduate, and Parents|
|3.18% – 13.92%3||Undergraduate and Graduate|
|2.09% – 11.49%4||Undergraduate and Graduate|
|3.52% – 9.50%5||Undergraduate and Graduate|
|3.54% – 6.40%6||Undergraduate and Graduate|