On a national level, a debate rages over whether the country’s growing student loan debt will be the next bubble to devastate our economy.
But if you’re one of the more than 44 million Americans with student loans, you’re probably just struggling to make payments and wondering how you’ll ever pay off your five- or six-digit student loan debt.
The good news is that you have options to manage your debt right now. Strategies such as consolidation, income-based repayment, and private refinancing can ease the burden.
But what if our lawmakers got a little more involved? Here are some of the top ways Congress could help struggling student loan borrowers.
1. Pass a federal student loan refinance bill
The federal government is already involved with student loans, thanks to student aid such as the Direct Loan program. Though student loan servicing is contracted out to private companies, the government funds federal student loans.
But for years Sen. Elizabeth Warren, D-Mass., has been trying to get a student loan refinance bill passed in Congress.
Though you can currently consolidate your loans through the federal government, you can only refinance privately. Refinancing your federal loans with a private company means giving up access to programs like Public Service Loan Forgiveness and income-driven repayment.
A federal refinancing program like the one Warren proposed would allow borrowers to refinance student loans at a lower interest rate — without losing the flexible repayment options and forgiveness opportunities that come with federal student debt.
Unfortunately, since her efforts began in 2014, they have been blocked. “Millions of young people are just stuck,” Warren said, according to The Hill. “They can’t buy homes, they can’t buy cars … all because they are struggling under the weight of student loan debt.”
2. Keep federal student loan interest rates low
Another crusade of Warren’s has been to keep student loan interest rates low. In fact, her first piece of legislation, introduced in 2013, was aimed at letting students borrow at the same rate as bankers.
“We shouldn’t be profiting from our students, who are drowning in debt, while giving a great deal to the banks,” said Warren, according to Time. “That’s just wrong.”
Congress sets federal student loan interest rates. Members of Congress could choose to allow students to borrow at much lower rates, similar to the rates the government charges big banks.
However, things are currently moving in the wrong direction. Federal student loan rates will be updated on July 1, 2017. The rate will be 4.45% on Direct Subsidized and Unsubsidized Loans for undergraduates — an increase from the previous rate of 3.76%.
3. Stabilize the Public Service Loan Forgiveness (PSLF) program
This October, the first cohort of borrowers applying for forgiveness under Public Service Loan Forgiveness will become eligible to receive their rewards for working at a nonprofit or public service job.
However, the program’s future could be in trouble. The Department of Education may not honor PSLF certification letters. Plus, the proposed budget from President Trump would eliminate the program for future borrowers.
Brian Meiggs, the founder of Millennial Money Guide, said that, rather than ditching PSLF, Congress should move to shore it up.
“Congress should push to make the program more stable,” he said. “In an era where government programs are always shifting, this program should stay to help student loan borrowers.”
Meiggs went on to point out that there “is a lot of fine print in the PSLF paperwork that essentially translates, to laymen’s terms, ‘if everything goes to plan.’ Congress can help advance this program so that it is less of a gamble for public service employees.”
4. Incentivize employers to provide student loan benefits
Some companies are offering to help pay down student loan debt, much the same way they contribute to retirement plans. Unfortunately, these efforts don’t offer a tax benefit to employers the same way contributions to an employee’s 401(k) does.
“The fact that healthcare benefits and 401(k) plans are now widely offered by employers is a direct result of Congress passing legislation to encourage and incentivize those benefits through the tax code,” said Tim DeMello, the founder and CEO of Gradifi, a company that helps employers pay down its workers’ student loans.
Employers could use a nudge from Congress to make this benefit more widely available. “If Congress were to enact legislation to allow employees to receive tax-exempt contributions from employers, we would hope to see the number of employees getting student loan repayment assistance grow considerably,” said DeMello.
DeMello claimed that student loans impact seven out of 10 people graduating from college. With the financial stress of student loans weighing on borrowers, workers are less productive, according to PricewaterhouseCoopers.
“It’s a real source of stress for employees entering the workforce,” DeMello continued. “Employers can help reduce the total cost and time to repayment.”
5. Require student loan servicers to provide better information
The Department of Education, led by Secretary Betsy DeVos, recently rolled back memos from the Obama Administration instructing federal loan servicers to work on behalf of students.
Even though servicers are supposed to share information about income-driven repayment and other programs with borrowers, many of them don’t.
A report from the Government Accountability Office indicated that the Department of Education doesn’t adequately prepare borrowers. On top of that, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) reported that many borrowers aren’t enrolled in affordable repayment plans after defaulting on loans.
“It’s ridiculous,” said Jay Fleischman, a lawyer specializing in student loans. “Our government should be taking steps to help its citizens and protecting them from servicers. Instead, the focus seems to be on profits for the industry.”
If the Department of Education won’t act to hold student loan servicers accountable, Congress could pass laws requiring servicers to act in borrowers’ best interests. Congress could also move away from efforts to reduce the impact of the CFPB and instead provide the resources to allow the Bureau to enforce better practices.
6. Get rid of taxes on student loan debt forgiveness
Currently, if you are enrolled in an income-driven repayment plan, any loan balance remaining after 20 or 25 years is forgiven. The catch? You have to report that amount as income on your taxes.
Steven D. Snyder is a writer, actor, and comedian. He has two Master’s degrees and struggles with his student loan payments.
“Congress needs to get rid of the tax on student loan forgiveness,” Snyder said. “You’ve been paying for 20 or 25 years. You’ve paid interest and everything, and now when it’s forgiven it counts as income. If you have tens of thousands of debt remaining, that can be a devastating tax bill.”
There is already precedent for tax-free student loan forgiveness: PSLF won’t tax borrowers for forgiven loans. Congress could amend the current guidelines to give borrowers who earn loan forgiveness through other federal programs the same benefit.
What can you do to advance a student loan bill?
One of the most important things to remember is that Congress is supposed to represent us. If there is a piece of legislation you’re interested in or if you think your representative should introduce legislation to help student loan borrowers, contact them.
Not sure where to start? Enter your address and state into GovTrack.us and see exactly who your representatives are, what their contact information is, and how they’ve voted in the past. If you disagree with their voting record on student loan issues, be vocal and let them know about it.
You can also get involved at the state level. Many states are taking student loan relief into their own hands — just look at New York’s introduction of free college tuition. Lobby for such programs in your own state; your state’s legislature should have a website where you can look up your representatives.
Lastly, talk to your friends and neighbors about the national student loan burden and organize letter-writing or calling campaigns to let your representatives know what’s important to you. Whether you support a student loan refinance bill, an end to taxation on debt forgiveness, an expansion of PSLF, or any other policy you think would positively benefit a large number of Americans, speak up now to begin enacting change.
Want to learn more about student loan legislation that’s in the works? Check out our student loan bill tracker to see what’s on the horizon.
Interested in refinancing student loans?Here are the top 6 lenders of 2020!
|Lender||Variable APR||Eligible Degrees|
|1.99% – 6.65%1||Undergrad & Graduate|
|1.99% – 7.10%2||Undergrad & Graduate|
|2.99% – 6.44%3||Undergrad & Graduate|
|2.39% – 6.01%||Undergrad |
|1.99% – 6.43%4||Undergrad & Graduate|
|3.18% – 6.07%5||Undergrad & Graduate|
|Check out the testimonials and our in-depth reviews!
1 Important Disclosures for Laurel Road.
Laurel Road Disclosures
All credit products are subject to credit approval.
Laurel Road began originating student loans in 2013 and has since helped thousands of professionals with undergraduate and postgraduate degrees consolidate and refinance more than $4 billion in federal and private school loans. Laurel Road also offers a suite of online graduate school loan products and personal loans that help simplify lending through customized technology and personalized service. In April 2019, Laurel Road was acquired by KeyBank, one of the nation’s largest bank-based financial services companies. Laurel Road is a brand of KeyBank National Association offering online lending products in all 50 U.S. states, Washington, D.C., and Puerto Rico. All loans are provided by KeyBank National Association, a nationally chartered bank. Member FDIC. For more information, visit www.laurelroad.com.
As used throughout these Terms & Conditions, the term “Lender” refers to KeyBank National Association and its affiliates, agents, guaranty insurers, investors, assigns, and successors in interest.
Assumptions: Repayment examples above assume a loan amount of $10,000 with repayment beginning immediately following disbursement. Repayment examples do not include the 0.25% AutoPay Discount.
Annual Percentage Rate (“APR”): This term represents the actual cost of financing to the borrower over the life of the loan expressed as a yearly rate.
Interest Rate: A simple annual rate that is applied to an unpaid balance.
Variable Rates: The current index for variable rate loans is derived from the one-month London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) and changes in the LIBOR index may cause your monthly payment to increase. Borrowers who take out a term of 5, 7, or 10 years will have a maximum interest rate of 9%, those who take out a 15 or 20-year variable loan will have a maximum interest rate of 10%.
KEYBANK NATIONAL ASSOCIATION RESERVES THE RIGHT TO MODIFY OR DISCONTINUE PRODUCTS AND BENEFITS AT ANY TIME WITHOUT NOTICE.
This information is current as of June 23, 2020. Information and rates are subject to change without notice.
2 Important Disclosures for Splash Financial.
Splash Financial Disclosures
Splash Financial loans are available through arrangements with lending partners. Your loan application will be submitted to the lending partner and be evaluated at their sole discretion. For loans where a credit union is the lender, or a purchaser of the loan, in order to refinance your loans, you will need to become a credit union member.
The Splash Student Loan Refinance Program is not offered or endorsed by any college or university. Neither Splash Financial nor the lending partner are affiliated with or endorse any college or university listed on this website.
You should review the benefits of your federal student loan; it may offer specific benefits that a private refinance/consolidation loan may not offer. If you work in the public sector, are in the military or taking advantage of a federal department of relief program, such as income based repayment or public service forgiveness, you may not want to refinance, as these benefits do not transfer to private refinance/consolidation loans.
Splash Financial and our lending partners reserve the right to modify or discontinue products and benefits at any time without notice. To qualify, a borrower must be a U.S. citizen and meet our lending partner’s underwriting requirements. Lowest rates are reserved for the highest qualified borrowers. This information is current as of May 1, 2020.
Fixed APR: Annual Percentage Rate [APR] is the cost of credit calculating the interest rate, loan amount, repayment term and the timing of payments. Fixed Rate options range from 2.88% (without autopay) to 7.27% (without autopay) and will vary based on application terms, level of degree and presence of a co-signer. Rates are subject to change without notice. Fixed rate options without an autopay discount consist of a range from 2.88% per year to 6.21% per year for a 5-year term, 3.40% per year to 6.25% per year for a 7-year term, 3.45% to 5.08% for a 8-year term, 3.89% per year to 6.65% per year for a 10-year term, 4.18% per year to 5.11% per year for a 12-year term, 4.20% per year to 7.05% per year for a 15-year term, or 4.51% per year to 7.27% per year for a 20-year term, with no origination fees. The fixed interest rate will apply until the loan is paid in full (whether before or after default, and whether before or after the scheduled maturity date of the loan).
Variable APR: Annual Percentage Rate [APR] is the cost of credit calculating the interest rate, loan amount, repayment term and the timing of payments. Variable rate options range from 1.99% (with autopay) to 7.10% (without autopay) and will vary based on application terms, level of degree and presence of a co-signer. Our lowest rate option is shown with a 0.25% autopay discount. Our highest rate option does not include an autopay discount. The variable rates are based on the Variable rate index, is based on the one-month London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) published in The Wall Street Journal on the twenty-fifth day, or the next business day, of the preceding calendar month. As of April 27, 2020, the one-month LIBOR rate is 0.43763%. The interest rate on a variable rate loan is comprised of an index and margin added together. The margin is a fixed amount (disclosed at the time of your loan application) added each month to the index to determine the next month’s variable rate. Variable rate options without an autopay discount consist of a range from 2.01% per year to 6.30% per year for a 5-year term, 4.00% per year to 6.35% per year for a 7-year term, 2.09% per year to 3.92% per year for a 8-year term, 4.25% per year to 6.40% per year for a 10-year term, 2.67% per year to 4.56% per year for a 12-year term, 3.44% per year to 6.65% per year for a 15-year term, 4.75% per year to 6.93% per year for a 20-year term, or 5.14% per year to 7.10% for a 25-year term, with no origination fees. APR is subject to increase after consummation. Variable interest rates will fluctuate over the term of the borrower’s loan with changes in the LIBOR rate, and will vary based on applicable terms, level of degree earned and presence of a co-signer. The maximum variable rate may be between 9.00% and 16.00%, depending on loan term. The floor rate may be between 0.54% and 4.21%, depending on loan term. These rates are subject to additional terms and conditions, and rates are subject to change at any time without notice. Such changes will only apply to applications taken after the effective date of change.
3 Important Disclosures for SoFi.
4 Important Disclosures for Earnest.
To qualify, you must be a U.S. citizen or possess a 10-year (non-conditional) Permanent Resident Card, reside in a state Earnest lends in, and satisfy our minimum eligibility criteria. You may find more information on loan eligibility here: https://www.earnest.com/eligibility. Not all applicants will be approved for a loan, and not all applicants will qualify for the lowest rate. Approval and interest rate depend on the review of a complete application.
Earnest fixed rate loan rates range from 3.19% APR (with Auto Pay) to 6.43% APR (with Auto Pay). Variable rate loan rates range from 1.99% APR (with Auto Pay) to 6.43% APR (with Auto Pay). For variable rate loans, although the interest rate will vary after you are approved, the interest rate will never exceed 8.95% for loan terms 10 years or less. For loan terms of 10 years to 15 years, the interest rate will never exceed 9.95%. For loan terms over 15 years, the interest rate will never exceed 11.95% (the maximum rates for these loans). Earnest variable interest rate loans are based on a publicly available index, the one month London Interbank Offered Rate (LIBOR). Your rate will be calculated each month by adding a margin between 1.82% and 5.50% to the one month LIBOR. The rate will not increase more than once per month. Earnest rate ranges are current as of June 15, 2020, and are subject to change based on market conditions and borrower eligibility.
Auto Pay discount: If you make monthly principal and interest payments by an automatic, monthly deduction from a savings or checking account, your rate will be reduced by one quarter of one percent (0.25%) for so long as you continue to make automatic, electronic monthly payments. This benefit is suspended during periods of deferment and forbearance.
The information provided on this page is updated as of 6/15/2020. Earnest reserves the right to change, pause, or terminate product offerings at any time without notice. Earnest loans are originated by Earnest Operations LLC. California Finance Lender License 6054788. NMLS # 1204917. Earnest Operations LLC is located at 302 2nd Street, Suite 401N, San Francisco, CA 94107. Terms and Conditions apply. Visit https://www.earnest.com/terms-of-service, email us at [email protected], or call 888-601-2801 for more information on our student loan refinance product.
© 2020 Earnest LLC. All rights reserved. Earnest LLC and its subsidiaries, including Earnest Operations LLC, are not sponsored by or agencies of the United States of America.
5 Important Disclosures for CommonBond.
Offered terms are subject to change. Loans are offered by CommonBond Lending, LLC (NMLS # 1175900). If you are approved for a loan, the interest rate offered will depend on your credit profile, your application, the loan term selected and will be within the ranges of rates shown. All Annual Percentage Rates (APRs) displayed assume borrowers enroll in auto pay and account for the 0.25% reduction in interest rate. All variable rates are based on a 1-month LIBOR assumption of 0.19% effective June 10, 2020.