The rate at which graduate students are taking out private student loans continues to increase. According to data from MeasureOne, more than $3 billion in private loans were borrowed from 2016 to 2017, with graduate loans accounting for 11 percent of that amount. With master’s degree costs between $30,000 and $120,000 on average, it makes sense that private loans for graduate students are on the rise.
If you’ve already filled out the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) and secured scholarships, but are one of those graduate students faced with a financial gap, here’s what you need to know about private student loans.
1. What are private graduate student loans?
Unlike a federal student loan, which is regulated by the government, private student loans are issued by independent lenders. These can be traditional banks or student loan specific organizations such as Sallie Mae.
Each organization has unique eligibility requirements, interest rates, and repayment terms. That’s why it’s best to shop around to find the best private graduate student loans for your set of circumstances.
2. When should I take out private student loans?
The simple answer is: If you’ve exhausted all other options such as federal aid, scholarships, and grants, and still have a gap in covering your costs, then consider private graduate student loans.
The good thing about private student loans is there’s no deadline to apply, unlike federal aid. This rolling application deadline means you can wait to hear back from schools about their various financial aid packages and apply for a private student loan in the middle of a semester. If possible, don’t wait until the last minute to apply; it might take time for private student loan applications to go through the approval process, depending on the lender.
3. How do I know if I’m eligible for private student loans?
While the government considers your level of financial need when it comes to issuing financial aid awards, private loan lenders have different requirements. Some factors that are taken into consideration:
- Credit score
- Whether you’ll be getting private student loans without cosigner
- Debt-to-income ratio (how much you owe in monthly debt payments divided by your gross monthly income)
Eligibility will vary by lender, but having a low credit score or no credit history will likely make it difficult for you to qualify. If you have a cosigner, you might still be able to get private student loans if their credit score and income meets the eligibility requirements.
If you do qualify, having a good credit score can mean you’ll secure lower interest rates and not pay as much by the end of your repayment term.
4. How much can I borrow?
Since every lender has its own set of terms, this answer can vary. But generally, you will face one of three situations.
- Cost of attendance limit: This means you can only receive a loan for the total cost minus any financial aid. If your graduate education costs $100,000 and you received $50,000 in other types of aid, then you will only be able to take out a max of $50,000. You can take out graduate student loans for living expenses, but these are usually tabulated into the total cost.
- Annual loan limit: The lender will simply stipulate how much you are allowed to borrow in a given academic year.
- Aggregate loan limit: Since you can apply for multiple private student loans, you may face a limit for the number you can combine.
5. How does the repayment process work for private graduate student loans?
With federal loans, you don’t have to start repaying them until you’ve graduated, dropped below half-time enrollment, or the loan is fully disbursed. Private student loan repayment terms again differ by the lender, and there are not as many repayment options as with federal loans.
These are the most common repayment processes you will likely find:
- Immediate repayment: You will start making principal and interest payments while still in school. This could help keep down your overall out-of-pocket costs, but it might present additional financial pressure while you’re in school.
- Interest-only repayment: You will only pay the interest while in school, which could reduce the total cost of the loan you’ll have to repay. Even if the monthly interest costs are minimal, you’ll have to budget this into your monthly expenses and might need to take on a part-time job to cover the payments.
- Deferred repayment: You will only start paying back the loan once you’ve graduated or dropped below that half-time enrollment. Interest could still accrue during this time making your overall debt higher.
- Refinancing your private student loans: You might be able to get a lower interest rate, if you have a solid income and good credit. Depending on your specific situation, this can help you spend less money over the life of your loan. Keep in mind that lower monthly payments might mean an extended loan term. A longer term could cost you more overall so weigh out the pros and cons of refinancing private student loans.
In general, repayment terms for private loans for graduate students can range anywhere from five years to over 20 years, but remember the interest will add up over time.
Unfortunately, you won’t be able to choose options like income-driven repayment plans, forbearance, or loan forgiveness offered by the government. But many private lenders will want to work with you to come up with flexible repayment options that work for your situation.
6. What are the pros and cons of taking out private student loans?
As with any loan, there are positives and negatives to borrowing money. Here are some pros and cons to consider when taking out private student loans.
- You can borrow more: The government limits the aggregate amount that you can borrow to $138,500. That includes what you’ve already borrowed as an undergraduate. With private student loans, you can borrow the entire cost of your education and use graduate student loans for living expenses.
- Your credit score can help your interest rate: Federal aid is determined based on how much money the government determines you need to help pay for school. Private student loans take your credit score into consideration. While poor credit might make you ineligible for a loan, a good credit score might help you secure a lower interest rate which saves you money over time.
- There is a statute of limitations if you default: While it’s never a good idea to default on your loans as it can land you in court and ruin your credit, it is good to know that there is a limit to how long a lender can go after you. The statute of limitations is different in every state ranging from three to 10 years, meaning after this time lenders don’t have many avenues to go after you. Federal loans, on the other hand, don’t have a statute of limitations.
- Repayment terms aren’t as flexible: Federal student loans have a robust list of repayment plans, including income-driven plans and can also grant student loan forgiveness. Private student loans have limited repayment terms meaning you won’t have as many options if you find yourself struggling to make payments.
- Lenders set requirements, eligibility, application process, and regulations: Federal student loans are standardized as all of the terms are set by the government making them easier to understand. Private student loans, on the other hand, are set at the whim of individual lenders and have no overhead body stipulating lending criteria. With so much variation among private student loan terms, it’s easy to accidentally overlook details that can ultimately cost you hundreds if not thousands of dollars.
- There could be variable interest rates: While private student loans can have fixed interest rates like federal student loans, many have variable ones. A variable interest rate can fluctuate depending on the market and are often unpredictable. This can, in turn, increase your monthly payment and overall amount you’ll pay toward your loan in the end. Also, interest can start accruing immediately, so you might need to be prepared to start making payments while still in school.
Using private student loans for graduate school is a way to cover any financial aid gaps and afford to go to the school you want. It’s just important to take a number of factors into consideration, so you don’t find yourself facing a mountain of debt upon graduation. As a student likely facing high graduate school costs, it’s best to shop around for private students loans that best fits your unique situation.
Need a student loan?Here are our top student loan lenders of 2018!
|1 Important Disclosures for CollegeAve.
College Ave Student Loans products are made available through either Firstrust Bank, member FDIC or Nationwide Bank, member FDIC. All loans are subject to individual approval and adherence to underwriting guidelines. Program restrictions, other terms, and conditions apply.
Information advertised valid as of 11/1/2018. Variable interest rates may increase after consummation.
2 Important Disclosures for Discover.
3 Important Disclosures for Ascent.
Before taking out private student loans, you should explore and compare all financial aid alternatives, including grants, scholarships, and federal student loans and consider your future monthly payments and income. Applying with a cosigner may improve your chance of getting approved and could help you qualify for a lower interest rate. Ascent Student Loans may be funded by Richland State Bank (RSB). Ascent Student Loan products are subject to credit qualification, completion of a loan application, verification of application information and certification of loan amount by a participating school. Loan products may not be available in certain jurisdictions, and certain restrictions, limitations; and terms and conditions may apply. Ascent is a federally registered trademark of Turnstile Capital Management (TCM) and may be used by RSB under limited license. Richland State Bank is a federally registered service mark of Richland State Bank.
* Application times vary depending on the applicants ability to supply the necessary information for submission.
* The Sallie Mae partner referenced is not the creditor for these loans and is compensated by Sallie Mae for the referral of Smart Option Student Loan customers.
4 = Sallie Mae Disclaimer: Click here for important information. Terms, conditions and limitations apply.
5 Important Disclosures for PNC.
PNC Bank is one of the nation’s largest education loan providers. For over 40 years, PNC has been committed to helping students and their families make possible the adventure of college.
6 Important Disclosures for SunTrust.
Before applying for a private student loan, SunTrust recommends comparing all financial aid alternatives including grants, scholarships, and both federal and private student loans. To view and compare the available features of SunTrust private student loans, visit https://www.suntrust.com/loans/student-loans/private.
Certain restrictions and limitations may apply. SunTrust Bank reserves the right to change or discontinue this loan program without notice. Availability of all loan programs is subject to approval under the SunTrust credit policy and other criteria and may not be available in certain jurisdictions.
SunTrust Bank, Member FDIC. ©2018 SunTrust Banks, Inc. SUNTRUST, the SunTrust logo and Custom Choice Loan are trademarks of SunTrust Banks, Inc. All rights reserved.
7 Important Disclosures for LendKey.
Additional terms and conditions apply. For more details see LendKey
8 Important Disclosures for CommonBond.
A government loan is made according to rules set by the U.S. Department of Education. Government loans have fixed interest rates, meaning that the interest rate on a government loan will never go up or down.
Government loans also permit borrowers in financial trouble to use certain options, such as income-based repayment, which may help some borrowers. Depending on the type of loan that you have, the government may discharge your loan if you die or become permanently disabled.
Depending on what type of government loan that you have, you may be eligible for loan forgiveness in exchange for performing certain types of public service. If you are an active-duty service member and you obtained your government loan before you were called to active duty, you are entitled to interest rate and repayment benefits for your loan.
A private student loan is not a government loan and is not regulated by the Department of Education. A private student loan is instead regulated like other consumer loans under both state and federal law and by the terms of the promissory note with your lender.
If your private student loan has a fixed interest rate, then that rate will never go up or down. If your private student loan has a variable interest rate, then that rate will vary depending on an index rate disclosed in your application. If the interest rate on the new private student loan is less than the interest rate on your government loans, your payments will be less if you refinance.
If you don’t pay a private student loan as agreed, the lender can refer your loan to a collection agency or sue you for the unpaid amount.
Remember also that like government loans, most private loans cannot be discharged if you file bankruptcy unless you can demonstrate that repayment of the loan would cause you an undue hardship. In most bankruptcy courts, proving undue hardship is very difficult for most borrowers.
9 Important Disclosures for Citizens Bank.
Citizens Bank Disclosures
|3.94% – 12.78%1||Undergraduate, Graduate, and Parents|
|4.04% – 13.04%3||Undergraduate and Graduate|
|4.34% – 12.99%2||Undergraduate and Graduate|
|4.25% – 11.10%*,4||Undergraduate and Graduate|
|5.03% – 11.23%5||Undergraduate and Graduate|
|4.12% – 13.13%6||Undergraduate and Graduate|
|4.92% – 10.01%7||Undergraduate and Graduate|
|3.72% – 9.68%8||Undergraduate, Graduate, and Parents|
|4.26% – 12.13%9||Undergraduate, Graduate, and Parents|