As a new graduate, you’ve got a lot on your plate. While this is an exciting time, it’s also an important time to make smart money decisions, including setting financial goals.
“I recommend taking time to prioritize what goals might be most important,” advised Laura Morganelli, a certified financial planner and financial adviser at Abacus Wealth Partners. “Having a clear picture of what success means helps provide necessary structure.”
So what should your financial goals be and how can you achieve them? Financial experts recommend doing six key things as a new grad to build a foundation for financial success.
1. Set a budget
You’ll want to set a budget based on your post-college salary. But this doesn’t mean spending more money compared to your college days.
“Once you graduate college, find a job, and receive your first paycheck, it can be tempting to splurge,” warned Katie Ross, education and development manager for American Consumer Credit Counseling. “But it’s important to live within your means.”
Ross advised calculating total take-home pay, adding up monthly expenses, and ensuring you don’t spend more than you earn. You should keep spending as low as possible to have more money for financial goals.
“College grads should continue living like they’re in college to keep costs low,” advised Andrea Woroch, a nationally recognized money-saving expert.
If you’re not sure how to do a budget, start by tracking spending for 30 days.
“Understanding where your money is going is crucial to achieving financial success,” advised Morganelli.
By tracking how you’re spending money, you can create a realistic budget that’s reflective of your lifestyle but imposes limits in areas where you tend to overspend. You can check out this guide to budgeting to create a budget that responsibly uses your post-college salary.
2. Make a plan for dealing with debt
Chances are good you’ll be dealing with student loan debt, as average debt for new grads reached $39,400 in 2017. You might also have personal loan debt, credit card debt, or a car loan.
It’s important to choose the right repayment plan for all debt, but especially for student loans.
Federal loans are typically deferred while in school, so you might need to pick a payment plan for the first time. There are many repayment options, including income-based plans. Review a complete list of repayment options to help you choose which plan is best.
If you have many areas of debt, you’ll need to decide which to pay first. Paying off higher interest debt makes mathematical sense, but some prefer a debt snowball method to score quick wins by first paying off debt with lower balances. You’ll also want to avoid new debt.
“Don’t rely on credit cards,” Morganelli said. “Depending on a credit card to cover expenses can quickly get out of control.”
She recommended using a credit card only if you can pay off your balance in full.
3. Work on building credit
While you want to be responsible about debt, borrowing helps you build credit.
“Your credit score helps lenders measure your ability to handle your money and repay your debts, which in turn determines the interest rates you pay for your car, mortgage, credit cards, and even rent,” advised Ross.
Paying student loans on time helps you establish a positive credit history. Credit cards, when used responsibly, can also improve your credit score.
If you’re worried about not being able to pay off the balance, you can still use a credit card to build credit.
Waymire advised charging the small recurring monthly expense, such as Netflix or Spotify, and then setting up autopay on your credit card to pay off bills as soon as your statements arrive.
“The benefit is that everything is on autopilot, you can keep your cards at home, and you’re building a consistent payment history with zero effort,” she said.
4. Build good spending habits
While saving is important, you’ll want to have a little fun. You can do that without jeopardizing your financial goals by spending smartly.
“Spending smart isn’t about buying cheap food and home goods,” Woroch said. “Instead, smart shopping has to do with learning the sale cycles, knowing where to find extra savings, and cultivating some impulse control.”
Woroch advised shopping at sales racks, buying generic, and searching for items secondhand using Facebook Marketplace, Tradesy, and local consignment stores.
You can also explore affordable travel destinations and ways to save on groceries and entertainment, such as joining rewards clubs, using coupons, and attending free events.
5. Start saving for retirement
While it might seem like retirement is a long time away, start investing early to take advantage of compound interest and build a big nest egg with less effort.
“Investing early in life, even if it’s a relatively small amount, adds up quickly when you have decades until retirement,” advised Dina Isola, a financial adviser at Ritholtz Wealth Management and personal finance blogger at Real$martica.
Ross suggested checking if your employer offers a retirement plan, especially if the employer matches 401(k) contributions. If you don’t have a 401(k), she advised opening an individual retirement account, also known as an IRA.
Isola also stressed that you should treat contributions to retirement savings as a bill you must pay, just like rent, and advised working up to saving around 20% of income, doing so slowly if necessary.
It’s also important to be smart about the items in which you invest.
“When you invest, be a cheapo,” Isola said. “Tools such as FINRA’s Fund Analyzer can help investors compare costs of different funds. There are also many low-cost fund options, or robo-advisers, if you need more planning help.”
She suggested being “boring” and choosing simple investments, such as index funds.
“Good investing is strategic and methodical,” Isola said. “Excitement is for gamblers, and we all know who gets the good odds in gambling.”
6. Build an emergency fund
Finally, it’s essential to start an emergency fund so that you don’t end up in debt because of unexpected expenses.
“For many recent graduates, living paycheck to paycheck is common,” Ross said. “Even though setting aside some money for an emergency fund might sound unrealistic, saving just $5 a week can help if something unexpected happens, like a job loss, medical bill, or car repair.”
Isola indicated an emergency fund is “the first line of defense against racking up credit card debt,” and suggested keeping your emergency fund in a separate account so you won’t be tempted to spend the money unless it’s a true emergency.
You’ll also want to make sure your emergency fund is big enough to shield you from roadblocks.
“Start with $1,000, then work towards saving up three to six months worth of necessary expenses,” advised Waymore. “If you work in a more stable industry and make a predictable salary, you can get away with three months, but if your employment is more unpredictable, shoot for six months.”
If you start an emergency savings fund and work it into your budget, you can build your emergency fund as quickly as possible so you’re protected from bumps in the road.
Interested in refinancing student loans?Here are the top 9 lenders of 2021!
|Lender||Variable APR||Eligible Degrees|
|1.88% – 6.15%1||Undergrad & Graduate|
|1.88% – 5.64%2||Undergrad & Graduate|
|1.88% – 5.64%3||Undergrad & Graduate|
|2.50% – 6.85%4||Undergrad & Graduate|
|2.25% – 6.39%5||Undergrad & Graduate|
|1.90% – 5.25%6||Undergrad & Graduate|
|1.89% – 5.90%7||Undergrad & Graduate|
|2.39% – 6.01%||Undergrad |
|2.13% – 5.25%8||Undergrad & Graduate|
|Check out the testimonials and our in-depth reviews!
1 Important Disclosures for Splash Financial.
Splash Financial Disclosures
Terms and Conditions apply. Splash reserves the right to modify or discontinue products and benefits at any time without notice. Rates and terms are also subject to change at any time without notice. Offers are subject to credit approval. To qualify, a borrower must be a U.S. citizen or permanent resident in an eligible state and meet applicable underwriting requirements. Not all borrowers receive the lowest rate. Lowest rates are reserved for the highest qualified borrowers. If approved, your actual rate will be within a range of rates and will depend on a variety of factors, including term of loan, a responsible financial history, income and other factors. Refinancing or consolidating private and federal student loans may not be the right decision for everyone. Federal loans carry special benefits not available for loans made through Splash Financial, for example, public service loan forgiveness and economic hardship programs, fee waivers and rebates on the principal, which may not be accessible to you after you refinance. The rates displayed may include a 0.25% autopay discount
The information you provide to us is an inquiry to determine whether we or our lenders can make a loan offer that meets your needs. If we or any of our lending partners has an available loan offer for you, you will be invited to submit a loan application to the lender for its review. We do not guarantee that you will receive any loan offers or that your loan application will be approved. Offers are subject to credit approval and are available only to U.S. citizens or permanent residents who meet applicable underwriting requirements. Not all borrowers will receive the lowest rates, which are available to the most qualified borrowers. Participating lenders, rates and terms are subject to change at any time without notice.
To check the rates and terms you qualify for, Splash Financial conducts a soft credit pull that will not affect your credit score. However, if you choose a product and continue your application, the lender will request your full credit report from one or more consumer reporting agencies, which is considered a hard credit pull and may affect your credit.
Splash Financial and our lending partners reserve the right to modify or discontinue products and benefits at any time without notice. To qualify, a borrower must be a U.S. citizen and meet our lending partner’s underwriting requirements. Lowest rates are reserved for the highest qualified borrowers. This information is current as of June 1, 2021.
2 Rate range above includes optional 0.25% Auto Pay discount. Important Disclosures for Earnest.
Interest Rate Disclosure
Actual rate and available repayment terms will vary based on your income. Fixed rates range from 2.59% APR to 5.79% APR (excludes 0.25% Auto Pay discount). Variable rates range from 1.88% APR to 5.64% APR (excludes 0.25% Auto Pay discount). For variable rate loans, although the interest rate will vary after you are approved, the interest rate will never exceed 36% (the maximum allowable for these loans). Earnest variable interest rate student loan refinance loans are based on a publicly available index, the one month London Interbank Offered Rate (LIBOR). Your rate will be calculated each month by adding a margin between 2.04% and 5.8% to the one month LIBOR. Earnest rate ranges are current as of 6/8/2021, and are subject to change based on market conditions.
Auto Pay Discount Disclosure
You can take advantage of the Auto Pay interest rate reduction by setting up and maintaining active and automatic ACH withdrawal of your loan payment. The interest rate reduction for Auto Pay will be available only while your loan is enrolled in Auto Pay. Interest rate incentives for utilizing Auto Pay may not be combined with certain private student loan repayment programs that also offer an interest rate reduction. For multi-party loans, only one party may enroll in Auto Pay.
Student Loan Refinancing Loan Cost Examples
These examples provide estimates based on payments beginning immediately upon loan disbursement. Variable APR: A $10,000 loan with a 20-year term (240 monthly payments of $72) and a 5.89% APR would result in a total estimated payment amount of $17,042.39. For a variable loan, after your starting rate is set, your rate will then vary with the market. Fixed APR: A $10,000 loan with a 20-year term (240 monthly payments of $72) and a 6.04% APR would result in a total estimated payment amount of $17,249.77. Your actual repayment terms may vary.Terms and Conditions apply. Visit https://www.earnest. com/terms-of-service, e-mail us at [email protected], or call 888-601-2801 for more information on our student loan refinance product.
Earnest Loans are made by Earnest Operations LLC or One American Bank, Member FDIC. Earnest Operations LLC, NMLS #1204917. 535 Mission St., Suite 1663, San Francisco, CA 94105. California Financing Law License 6054788. Visit earnest.com/licenses for a full list of licensed states. For California residents (Student Loan Refinance Only): Loans will be arranged or made pursuant to a California Financing Law License.
One American Bank, 515 S. Minnesota Ave, Sioux Falls, SD 57104. Earnest loans are serviced by Earnest Operations LLC with support from Navient Solutions LLC (NMLS #212430). One American Bank and Earnest LLC and its subsidiaries are not sponsored by or agencies of the United States of America.
© 2021 Earnest LLC. All rights reserved.
3 Important Disclosures for Navient.
4 Important Disclosures for CommonBond.
Offered terms are subject to change and state law restriction. Loans are offered by CommonBond Lending, LLC (NMLS # 1175900), NMLS Consumer Access. If you are approved for a loan, the interest rate offered will depend on your credit profile, your application, the loan term selected and will be within the ranges of rates shown. All Annual Percentage Rates (APRs) displayed assume borrowers enroll in auto pay and account for the 0.25% reduction in interest rate. All variable rates are based on a 1-month LIBOR assumption of 0.15% effective Jan 1, 2021 and may increase after consummation.
5 Important Disclosures for SoFi.
Fixed rates from 2.74% APR to 6.74% APR (with autopay). Variable rates from 2.25% APR to 6.39% APR (with autopay). All variable rates are based on the 1-month LIBOR and may increase after consummation if LIBOR increases; see more at SoFi.com/legal/#1. If approved for a loan your rate will depend on a variety of factors such as your credit profile, your application and your selected loan terms. Your rate will be within the ranges of rates listed above. Lowest rates reserved for the most creditworthy borrowers. SoFi refinance loans are private loans and do not have the same repayment options that the federal loan program offers, or may become available, such as Income Based Repayment or Income Contingent Repayment or PAYE. SoFi loans are originated by SoFi Lending Corp. or an affiliate (dba SoFi), a lender licensed by the Department of Financial Protection and Innovation under the California Financing Law, license #6054612; NMLS #1121636 (www.nmlsconsumeraccess.org). Additional terms and conditions apply; see SoFi.com/eligibility for details. SOFI RESERVES THE RIGHT TO MODIFY OR DISCONTINUE PRODUCTS AND BENEFITS AT ANY TIME WITHOUT NOTICE.
6 Important Disclosures for LendKey.
Refinancing via LendKey.com is only available for applicants with qualified private education loans from an eligible institution. Loans that were used for exam preparation classes, including, but not limited to, loans for LSAT, MCAT, GMAT, and GRE preparation, are not eligible for refinancing with a lender via LendKey.com. If you currently have any of these exam preparation loans, you should not include them in an application to refinance your student loans on this website. Applicants must be either U.S. citizens or Permanent Residents in an eligible state to qualify for a loan. Certain membership requirements (including the opening of a share account and any applicable association fees in connection with membership) may apply in the event that an applicant wishes to accept a loan offer from a credit union lender. Lenders participating on LendKey.com reserve the right to modify or discontinue the products, terms, and benefits offered on this website at any time without notice. LendKey Technologies, Inc. is not affiliated with, nor does it endorse, any educational institution.
Subject to floor rate and may require the automatic payments be made from a checking or savings account with the lender. The rate reduction will be removed and the rate will be increased by 0.25% upon any cancellation or failed collection attempt of the automatic payment and will be suspended during any period of deferment or forbearance. As a result, during the forbearance or suspension period, and/or if the automatic payment is canceled, any increase will take the form of higher payments. The lowest advertised variable APR is only available for loan terms of 5 years and is reserved for applicants with FICO scores of at least 810.
As of 04/07/2021 student loan refinancing rates range from 1.90% APR – 5.25% Variable APR with AutoPay and 2.95% APR – 7.63% Fixed APR with AutoPay.
7 Important Disclosures for Laurel Road.
Laurel Road Disclosures
All credit products are subject to credit approval.
Laurel Road began originating student loans in 2013 and has since helped thousands of professionals with undergraduate and postgraduate degrees consolidate and refinance more than $4 billion in federal and private school loans. Laurel Road also offers a suite of online graduate school loan products and personal loans that help simplify lending through customized technology and personalized service. In April 2019, Laurel Road was acquired by KeyBank, one of the nation’s largest bank-based financial services companies. Laurel Road is a brand of KeyBank National Association offering online lending products in all 50 U.S. states, Washington, D.C., and Puerto Rico. All loans are provided by KeyBank National Association, a nationally chartered bank. Member FDIC. For more information, visit www.laurelroad.com.
As used throughout these Terms & Conditions, the term “Lender” refers to KeyBank National Association and its affiliates, agents, guaranty insurers, investors, assigns, and successors in interest.
Assumptions: Repayment examples above assume a loan amount of $10,000 with repayment beginning immediately following disbursement. Repayment examples do not include the 0.25% AutoPay Discount.
Annual Percentage Rate (“APR”): This term represents the actual cost of financing to the borrower over the life of the loan expressed as a yearly rate.
Interest Rate: A simple annual rate that is applied to an unpaid balance.
Variable Rates: The current index for variable rate loans is derived from the one-month London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) and changes in the LIBOR index may cause your monthly payment to increase. Borrowers who take out a term of 5, 7, or 10 years will have a maximum interest rate of 9%, those who take out a 15 or 20-year variable loan will have a maximum interest rate of 10%.
KEYBANK NATIONAL ASSOCIATION RESERVES THE RIGHT TO MODIFY OR DISCONTINUE PRODUCTS AND BENEFITS AT ANY TIME WITHOUT NOTICE.
This information is current as of April 29, 2021. Information and rates are subject to change without notice.
8 Important Disclosures for PenFed.
Annual Percentage Rate (APR) is the cost of credit calculating the interest rate, loan amount, repayment term and the timing of payments. Fixed Rates range from 2.89%-4.78% APR and Variable Rates range from 2.13%-5.25% APR. Both Fixed and Variable Rates will vary based on application terms, level of degree and presence of a co-signer. These rates are subject to additional terms and conditions and rates are subject to change at any time without notice. For Variable Rate student loans, the rate will never exceed 9.00% for 5 year and 8 year loans and 10.00% for 12 and 15 years loans (the maximum allowable for this loan). Minimum variable rate will be 2.00%. These rates are subject to additional terms and conditions, and rates are subject to change at any time without notice. Such changes will only apply to applications taken after the effective date of change.