You’ll Probably Live to 100 — Which Means You Need to Save for Retirement Now

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We might live to 100! How cool is that?

More years of playing golf, rocking on the porch, reading books … and paying for it all.

The World Economic Forum (WEF) recently assessed the growing “retirement savings gap” in its white paper “We’ll Live to 100 — How Can We Afford It?” That’s the difference between the amount of money we’ll need in retirement versus the amount we’ll actually have.

And the results are pretty dire. Here’s how much to save for retirement and why you need to start today.

What’s the problem, anyway?

To put it simply, we’re living longer and having fewer babies.

So, although the workforce is shrinking, the retired population is exploding — and there’s not enough money to support it.

Assuming the retirement age and birth rate both stay the same, the ratio of workers to retirees will drop from 8-to-1 today to 4-to-1 by 2050, according to the WEF.

In addition, the WEF reported, fewer employers are offering pensions and individuals aren’t saving enough money themselves.

This situation has led to an enormous gap in the amount of money retirees will have versus the amount of money they’ll need. And when I say enormous, I mean trillions of dollars:

how much to save for retirement

Image credit: Mercer, via the WEF

By 2040, we’ll be missing a total of $400 trillion worldwide — five times the size of the current global economy — and $137 trillion in the U.S. alone.

“The anticipated increase in longevity and resulting [aging] populations is the financial equivalent of climate change,” said Michael Drexler, one of the report’s editors. “We must address it now or accept that its adverse consequences will haunt future generations, putting an impossible strain on our children and grandchildren.”

He’s right. If it’s tough to motivate yourself, think about your kids or your nieces and nephews. By preparing now, you’ll prevent yourself from becoming a financial burden.

“Plan for your retirement so you won’t have to depend on your kids when you’re older,” said Sophia Bera, financial planner at Gen Y Planning. “It’s one of the best gifts you can give them.”

Here’s how much to save for retirement

Ready to take responsibility for your retirement?

To start, figure out how long you might be lucky enough to live:

Then, given your life expectancy, decide how much you’ll need to save for retirement.

Every situation is different, but here’s an example (one that hopefully will scare you into starting today). Let’s assume the following:

  • Retirement age: 67
  • Number of years in retirement: 30
  • Income: $35,000
  • Desired retirement income: $26,250 (75 percent of current income)
  • Inflation rate: 3 percent
  • Average annual return on investment: 7 percent
  • Social security payout: $0 (better to be safe than sorry, right?)

Based on the CalcXML retirement calculator, here’s how much you’ll need to save for retirement, depending on how old you are when you begin:

  • Age 21: $312 per month
  • Age 31: $507 per month
  • Age 41: $880 per month
  • Age 51: $1,774 per month

Can you believe the differences?

If you start when you’re 21, you’ll need to save about $300 per month. Now, this is in current dollars — you’ll want to increase these amounts depending on inflation. Although that sounds like a lot, it’s manageable. With a $35,000 salary, it’s 10.7 percent of your income, which leaves nearly 90 percent for bills and fun stuff.

But if you wait until you’re 51, the amount becomes astronomical.

You’ll need to save nearly $1,800 per month, which is 60 percent of your income. And remember, at that point, you might have kids in college, a mortgage, and aging parents  in other words, even less money to spare.

Starting early also means you’ll need to invest less money in the long run.

Thanks to the power of compounding interest, the longer your money is in the market earning returns, the fewer hard-earned dollars you’ll need to contribute.

In the prior scenario, the 21 year old will have to put $172,224 toward their retirement. The 51 year old will have to save nearly twice as much: $340,608. That’s because the 21 year old will have 30 additional years to let their investment grow.

3 steps to start saving for retirement

Are your eyes open now? Are you ready to finally start investing in your retirement?

Here are three steps you should take to get moving.

1. Crunch your numbers

Although the above scenario might convince you to take action, it’s imperative that you run your numbers to determine how much you should save for retirement.

If you don’t like the CalcXML retirement calculator, there are plenty of other options  like this one from SmartAsset.

Play around with different calculators, see which ones work best for your situation, and then compare the numbers.

2. Take advantage of employer-sponsored plans

Does your employer offer a 401(k)? A 401(k) retirement account is funded with your pretax earnings, so you won’t pay taxes on the money until you withdraw it down the road.

If you aren’t saving yet, a 401(k) is a painless way to start. Since the money is taken directly out of your paycheck, you won’t ever have the chance to miss it.

And if your employer offers a match, even better. Make sure you contribute enough to get the full amount — or you’re leaving free money on the table.

3. Open an Individual Retirement Account

An Individual Retirement Account (IRA) is the next place you should stash your investments. There are two kinds: traditional IRAs and Roth IRAs.

For many people, Roth IRAs are a better choice because you can withdraw the money without penalty and, after retiring, won’t have to pay taxes on it. If you’re young and anticipate earning more in the future, then this is the way to go.

Here are two options to get you started:

  1. Vanguard: Deposit $1,000 to get started, and then create an automatic withdrawal from your checking account so you’re investing money each week.
  2. Betterment: This app lets you start investing in a Roth IRA with as little as $100 per month.

As tempting as it is, and as far away as your golden years might seem, don’t stick your head in the sand. The longer you wait, the tougher it’ll be to save enough for retirement.

Start today. Your future self — and your potential future children — will thank you.

Interested in refinancing student loans?

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1 Important Disclosures for Laurel Road.

Laurel Road Disclosures

  1. VARIABLE APR – APR is subject to increase after consummation. The variable interest rates are based on a Current Index, which is the 1-month London Interbank Offered Rate (LIBOR) (currency in US dollars), as published on The Wall Street Journal’s website. The variable interest rates and Annual Percentage Rate (APR) will increase or decrease when the 1-month LIBOR index changes.

2 Important Disclosures for SoFi.

SoFi Disclosures

  1. Student Loan RefinanceFixed rates from 3.999% APR to 7.804% APR (with AutoPay). Variable rates from 2.480% APR to 7.524% APR (with AutoPay). Interest rates on variable rate loans are capped at either 8.95% or 9.95% depending on term of loan. See APR examples and terms. Lowest variable rate of 2.480% APR assumes current 1 month LIBOR rate of 2.07% plus 0.91% margin minus 0.25% ACH discount. Not all borrowers receive the lowest rate. If approved for a loan, the fixed or variable interest rate offered will depend on your creditworthiness, and the term of the loan and other factors, and will be within the ranges of rates listed above. For the SoFi variable rate loan, the 1-month LIBOR index will adjust monthly and the loan payment will be re-amortized and may change monthly. APRs for variable rate loans may increase after origination if the LIBOR index increases. The SoFi 0.25% AutoPay interest rate reduction requires you to agree to make monthly principal and interest payments by an automatic monthly deduction from a savings or checking account. The benefit will discontinue and be lost for periods in which you do not pay by automatic deduction from a savings or checking account. *To check the rates and terms you qualify for, SoFi conducts a soft credit inquiry. Unlike hard credit inquiries, soft credit inquiries (or soft credit pulls) do not impact your credit score. Soft credit inquiries allow SoFi to show you what rates and terms SoFi can offer you up front. After seeing your rates, if you choose a product and continue your application, we will request your full credit report from one or more consumer reporting agencies, which is considered a hard credit inquiry. Hard credit inquiries (or hard credit pulls) are required for SoFi to be able to issue you a loan. In addition to requiring your explicit permission, these credit pulls may impact your credit score
  2. Terms and Conditions Apply: SOFI RESERVES THE RIGHT TO MODIFY OR DISCONTINUE PRODUCTS AND BENEFITS AT ANY TIME WITHOUT NOTICE. To qualify, a borrower must be a U.S. citizen or permanent resident in an eligible state and meet SoFi’s underwriting requirements. Not all borrowers receive the lowest rate. To qualify for the lowest rate, you must have a responsible financial history and meet other conditions. If approved, your actual rate will be within the range of rates listed above and will depend on a variety of factors, including term of loan, a responsible financial history, years of experience, income and other factors. Rates and Terms are subject to change at anytime without notice and are subject to state restrictions. SoFi refinance loans are private loans and do not have the same repayment options that the federal loan program offers such as Income Based Repayment or Income Contingent Repayment or PAYE. Licensed by the Department of Business Oversight under the California Financing Law License No. 6054612. SoFi loans are originated by SoFi Lending Corp., NMLS # 1121636. (www.nmlsconsumeraccess.org)

3 Important Disclosures for CommonBond.

CommonBond Disclosures

  1. Offered terms are subject to change. Loans are offered by CommonBond Lending, LLC (NMLS # 1175900). The following table displays the estimated monthly payment, total interest, and Annual Percentage Rates (APR) for a $10,000 loan. The Annual Percentage Rate (APR) shown for each in-school loan product reflects the accruing interest, the effect of one-time capitalization of interest at the end of a deferment period, a 2% origination fee, and the applicable Repayment Plan. All loans are eligible for a 0.25% reduction in interest rate by agreeing to automatic payment withdrawals once in repayment, which is reflected in the interest rates and APRs displayed. Variable rates may increase after consummation. All variable rates are based on a 1-month LIBOR assumption of 2.08% effective July 25, 2018.

4 Important Disclosures for Citizens Bank.

Citizens Bank Disclosures

  1. Education Refinance Loan Rate DisclosureVariable rate, based on the one-month London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) published in The Wall Street Journal on the twenty-fifth day, or the next business day, of the preceding calendar month. As of August 1, 2018, the one-month LIBOR rate is 2.07%. Variable interest rates range from 2.72%-8.17% (2.72%-8.17% APR) and will fluctuate over the term of the borrower’s loan with changes in the LIBOR rate, and will vary based on applicable terms, level of degree earned and presence of a cosigner. Fixed interest rates range from 3.50%-8.69% (3.50% – 8.69% APR) based on applicable terms, level of degree earned and presence of a cosigner. Lowest rates shown require application with a cosigner, are for eligible, creditworthy applicants with a graduate level degree, require a 5-year repayment term and include our Loyalty discount and Automatic Payment discounts of 0.25 percentage points each, as outlined in the Loyalty and Automatic Payment Discount disclosures. The maximum variable rate on the Education Refinance Loan is the greater of 21.00% or Prime Rate plus 9.00%. Subject to additional terms and conditions, and rates are subject to change at any time without notice. Such changes will only apply to applications taken after the effective date of change. Please note: Due to federal regulations, Citizens Bank is required to provide every potential borrower with disclosure information before they apply for a private student loan. The borrower will be presented with an Application Disclosure and an Approval Disclosure within the application process before they accept the terms and conditions of their loan.
  2. Federal Loan vs. Private Loan Benefits: Some federal student loans include unique benefits that the borrower may not receive with a private student loan, some of which we do not offer with the Education Refinance Loan. Borrowers should carefully review their current benefits, especially if they work in public service, are in the military, are currently on or considering income based repayment options or are concerned about a steady source of future income and would want to lower their payments at some time in the future. When the borrower refinances, they waive any current and potential future benefits of their federal loans and replace those with the benefits of the Education Refinance Loan. For more information about federal student loan benefits and federal loan consolidation, visit http://studentaid.ed.gov/. We also have several resources available to help the borrower make a decision at http://www.citizensbank.com/EdRefinance, including Should I Refinance My Student Loans? and our FAQs. Should I Refinance My Student Loans? includes a comparison of federal and private student loan benefits that we encourage the borrower to review.
  3. Citizens Bank Education Refinance Loan Eligibility: Eligible applicants may not be currently enrolled, must be in repayment of their existing student loan(s) and must make the minimum number of payments after leaving school. Primary borrowers must be a U.S. citizen, permanent resident or resident alien with a valid U.S. Social Security Number residing in the United States. Resident aliens must apply with a co-signer who is a U.S. citizen or permanent resident. The co-signer (if applicable) must be a U.S. citizen or permanent resident with a valid U.S. Social Security Number residing in the United States. For applicants who have not attained the age of majority in their state of residence, a co-signer will be required. Citizens Bank reserves the right to modify eligibility criteria at anytime. Interest rate ranges subject to change. Education Refinance Loans are subject to credit qualification, completion of a loan application/consumer credit agreement, verification of application information, certification of borrower’s student loan amount(s) and highest degree earned.
  4. Loyalty Discount Disclosure: The borrower will be eligible for a 0.25 percentage point interest rate reduction on their loan if the borrower or their co-signer (if applicable) has a qualifying account in existence with us at the time the borrower and their co-signer (if applicable) have submitted a completed application authorizing us to review their credit request for the loan. The following are qualifying accounts: any checking account, savings account, money market account, certificate of deposit, automobile loan, home equity loan, home equity line of credit, mortgage, credit card account, or other student loans owned by Citizens Bank, N.A. Please note, our checking and savings account options are only available in the following states: CT, DE, MA, MI, NH, NJ, NY, OH, PA, RI, and VT and some products may have an associated cost. This discount will be reflected in the interest rate disclosed in the Loan Approval Disclosure that will be provided to the borrower once the loan is approved. Limit of one Loyalty Discount per loan and discount will not be applied to prior loans. The Loyalty Discount will remain in effect for the life of the loan.
  5. Automatic Payment Discount Disclosure: Borrowers will be eligible to receive a 0.25 percentage point interest rate reduction on their student loans owned by Citizens Bank, N.A. during such time as payments are required to be made and our loan servicer is authorized to automatically deduct payments each month from any bank account the borrower designates. Discount is not available when payments are not due, such as during forbearance. If our loan servicer is unable to successfully withdraw the automatic deductions from the designated account three or more times within any 12-month period, the borrower will no longer be eligible for this discount.
  6. Co-signer Release: Borrowers may apply for co-signer release after making 36 consecutive on-time payments of principal and interest. For the purpose of the application for co-signer release, on-time payments are defined as payments received within 15 days of the due date. Interest only payments do not qualify. The borrower must meet certain credit and eligibility guidelines when applying for the co-signer release. Borrowers must complete an application for release and provide income verification documents as part of the review. Borrowers who use deferment or forbearance will need to make 36 consecutive on-time payments after reentering repayment to qualify for release. The borrower applying for co-signer release must be a U.S. citizen or permanent resident. If an application for co-signer release is denied, the borrower may not reapply for co-signer release until at least one year from the date the application for co-signer release was received. Terms and conditions apply.
  7. Average savings based on 18,113 actual customers who refinanced their federal and private student loans through our Education Refinance Loan between January 1, 2017 and December 31, 2017. The calculation is derived by averaging the monthly savings of Education Refinance Loan customers whose payments decreased after refinancing, which is calculated by taking the monthly student loan payments prior to refinancing minus the monthly student loan payments after refinancing. The borrower’s savings might vary based on the interest rates, balances and remaining repayment term of the loans they are seeking to refinance. The borrower’s overall repayment amount may be higher than the loans they are refinancing even if their monthly payments are lower.
2.57% – 5.87%Undergrad
& Graduate
Visit Earnest
2.80% – 6.38%1Undergrad
& Graduate
Visit Laurel Road
2.48% – 7.52%2Undergrad
& Graduate
Visit SoFi
2.47% – 7.99%Undergrad
& Graduate
Visit Lendkey
2.57% – 6.65%3Undergrad
& Graduate
Visit CommonBond
2.72% – 8.17%4Undergrad
& Graduate
Visit Citizens
Our team at Student Loan Hero works hard to find and recommend products and services that we believe are of high quality and will make a positive impact in your life. We sometimes earn a sales commission or advertising fee when recommending various products and services to you. Similar to when you are being sold any product or service, be sure to read the fine print understand what you are buying, and consult a licensed professional if you have any concerns. Student Loan Hero is not a lender or investment advisor. We are not involved in the loan approval or investment process, nor do we make credit or investment related decisions. The rates and terms listed on our website are estimates and are subject to change at any time. Please do your homework and let us know if you have any questions or concerns.