Seeking, borrowing and repaying student loans seem to involve reams of paperwork with piles of forms and files, almost as if you were starting a new job.
If you’re desperate to downsize this stack of paper, here’s how to do it without trashing an important document that you might miss later.
6 student loan records — and how long you should keep them
Conventional wisdom says to dispose of student loan paperwork once you pay off your debt. Another common-sense approach prescribes storing everything important as long as possible — then, if a lender or collection agency challenges you years after completing your repayment, you won’t be left without proof.
Realistically, though, the guidelines for how long to store something depend on which document you’re talking about. Here are six types of student loan files and how best to decide on when to store or shred each.
1. Student loan master promissory note (MPN)
Whether you borrowed from the Department of Education or a private lender, you agreed to a legally-binding contract outlining how and when you would repay your debt. That’s the MPN.
Consider it like the lease for your apartment or home rental. When you move into a new place, you keep your lease handy in case you’re suddenly curious whether you’re allowed to repaint the walls or rent out a room on Airbnb.
Similarly, it’s wise to keep the MPN in your possession. If you’re about to graduate, for example, you might refer back to the MPN to confirm the length of your grace period.
On the other hand, if your refinancing or consolidation lender pays off the original debt on your behalf, you can ditch the old document and keep the contract associated with your new loan.
Bottom line: Keep at least until your loan has been repaid.
2. Monthly student loan bills
You might still be receiving monthly bills in the mail for your student loan payments. These can be worthwhile if you prefer to confirm the accuracy of your monthly dues on a hard copy.
There’s no harm in keeping these slips of paper filed away. It’s possible you could need them if you decide to meet with a student loan counselor, for example.
But there’s no real need to store them at all. You could go paperless: Just be sure to review the statements, which would arrive via attachments to your email inbox, as well as keeping an eye on your online account summary to ensure your payments are being applied appropriately.
Bottom line: Keep at least until your payment for the bill in question has been applied to your account.
3. Correspondence with your lender, loan servicer or collections agency
If you’ve had problems with whomever holds your debt — perhaps to the point of losing trust in them — you might find yourself exchanging letters. Often, creating a paper trail is better than communicating over the phone with unhelpful customer service reps. The paper copies could come in handy if you later battle your loan servicer in court, for example.
However, it’s possible your correspondence with your lender is more run of the mill. Maybe you’re receiving confirmation of your annual recertification for income-driven repayment or are being informed of an administrative change (perhaps your loan has been sold to another servicer).
Whether it seems to be a serious matter or not, personal letters are worth keeping. Say you’re working toward Public Service Loan Forgiveness, for example. You’ll want to be able to locate any mailing that could prove you’ve fulfilled the eligibility requirements when the time comes to receive forgiveness.
Bottom line: Keep at least until your loan has been repaid.
4. Student loan receipt
You can typically request and receive a loan receipt from your loan servicer or lender. You could use it to correct errors on your credit report or to prove your debt-free status if you’re ever questioned.
Note that is different from a student loan payoff letter (or payoff balance statement). The letter shows how much you need to make your final payment, not that you’ve already made it. Think of it as a pre-receipt. You might need it for your student loan refinancing application, but it’s not worth keeping as long as the actual receipt.
Bottom line: Keep it indefinitely — and see below for smart storage.
5. Tax documents
If you’ve been in repayment, you know how student loans and taxes intersect. You can claim the student loan interest deduction from your federal income taxes, for example. You might also find yourself facing a big tax bill if you receive federal loan forgiveness or cancellation.
The tax forms concerning these student loans scenarios include:
- Form 1098-E: Also known as the Student Loan Interest Statement, this lender-sent form tallies your interest paid to help you claim your deduction.
- Form 1099-C: The Cancellation of Debt form confirms any loan amount forgiven or canceled, which you might need to report as income on your Form 1040.
As for how long to hold on to these and other tax documents, look to the IRS’ guidelines: The federal agency reserves the right to audit you within three years of the tax year in question. It could also pursue unreported income (perhaps in the case of loan forgiveness or cancellation) for up to six years.
Bottom line: Keep for up to seven years.
6. Paperwork relating to student loan management
You might also start collecting paperwork relating to whatever ails — or fixes — your loan repayment. Any of the following loan-management strategies are bound to get the printer in a huff:
- Deferment and forbearance
- Rehabilitation and consolidation
- Forgiveness, cancellation and discharge
- Collections and bankruptcy
Each measure could include applications and approval or denial files, as well as additional monitoring.
Say you’ve defaulted on your federal loans, for instance, and are facing collections. To avoid or reduce wage garnishment, you could file a request for a hearing alongside a financial disclosure form that would detail the dire straits of your financial situation.
In serious situations where you might need a student loan lawyer, consult with them on what court papers and other documents are worth keeping.
Bottom line: Keep at least until you’ve resolved the issue.
Keep your student loan records secure
If you’re aiming to declutter, you might be disappointed to learn that it’s wise to keep most of your student loan records for relatively long periods.
Here’s a solution: Ditch that fireproof safe or lock-and-key filing cabinet and replace it with digital storage.
You might have plenty of unused space from your favorite online provider, whether it’s Google Drive, Dropbox or something else. Ensure it’s password-protected, and monitor the file sharing permissions to confirm you’re the only person who can access them.
Backing up your most important student loan docs is also a good idea. You never know when you might need your files down the road.
Interested in refinancing student loans?Here are the top 9 lenders of 2021!
|Lender||Variable APR||Eligible Degrees|
|1.88% – 6.15%1||Undergrad & Graduate|
|1.88% – 5.64%2||Undergrad & Graduate|
|2.50% – 6.85%3||Undergrad & Graduate|
|1.89% – 5.90%4||Undergrad & Graduate|
|1.99% – 6.59%5||Undergrad & Graduate|
|1.88% – 5.64%6||Undergrad & Graduate|
|1.90% – 5.25%7||Undergrad & Graduate|
|2.39% – 6.01%||Undergrad |
|2.13% – 5.25%8||Undergrad & Graduate|
|Check out the testimonials and our in-depth reviews!
1 Important Disclosures for Splash Financial.
Splash Financial Disclosures
Terms and Conditions apply. Splash reserves the right to modify or discontinue products and benefits at any time without notice. Rates and terms are also subject to change at any time without notice. Offers are subject to credit approval. To qualify, a borrower must be a U.S. citizen or permanent resident in an eligible state and meet applicable underwriting requirements. Not all borrowers receive the lowest rate. Lowest rates are reserved for the highest qualified borrowers. If approved, your actual rate will be within a range of rates and will depend on a variety of factors, including term of loan, a responsible financial history, income and other factors. Refinancing or consolidating private and federal student loans may not be the right decision for everyone. Federal loans carry special benefits not available for loans made through Splash Financial, for example, public service loan forgiveness and economic hardship programs, fee waivers and rebates on the principal, which may not be accessible to you after you refinance. The rates displayed may include a 0.25% autopay discount
The information you provide to us is an inquiry to determine whether we or our lenders can make a loan offer that meets your needs. If we or any of our lending partners has an available loan offer for you, you will be invited to submit a loan application to the lender for its review. We do not guarantee that you will receive any loan offers or that your loan application will be approved. Offers are subject to credit approval and are available only to U.S. citizens or permanent residents who meet applicable underwriting requirements. Not all borrowers will receive the lowest rates, which are available to the most qualified borrowers. Participating lenders, rates and terms are subject to change at any time without notice.
To check the rates and terms you qualify for, Splash Financial conducts a soft credit pull that will not affect your credit score. However, if you choose a product and continue your application, the lender will request your full credit report from one or more consumer reporting agencies, which is considered a hard credit pull and may affect your credit.
Splash Financial and our lending partners reserve the right to modify or discontinue products and benefits at any time without notice. To qualify, a borrower must be a U.S. citizen and meet our lending partner’s underwriting requirements. Lowest rates are reserved for the highest qualified borrowers. This information is current as of June 1, 2021.
2 Rate range above includes optional 0.25% Auto Pay discount. Important Disclosures for Earnest.
Interest Rate Disclosure
Actual rate and available repayment terms will vary based on your income. Fixed rates range from 2.48% APR to 5.79% APR (excludes 0.25% Auto Pay discount). Variable rates range from 1.88% APR to 5.64% APR (excludes 0.25% Auto Pay discount). For variable rate loans, although the interest rate will vary after you are approved, the interest rate will never exceed 36% (the maximum allowable for these loans). Earnest variable interest rate student loan refinance loans are based on a publicly available index, the one month London Interbank Offered Rate (LIBOR). Your rate will be calculated each month by adding a margin between 2.04% and 5.8% to the one month LIBOR. Earnest rate ranges are current as of 6/8/2021, and are subject to change based on market conditions.
Auto Pay Discount Disclosure
You can take advantage of the Auto Pay interest rate reduction by setting up and maintaining active and automatic ACH withdrawal of your loan payment. The interest rate reduction for Auto Pay will be available only while your loan is enrolled in Auto Pay. Interest rate incentives for utilizing Auto Pay may not be combined with certain private student loan repayment programs that also offer an interest rate reduction. For multi-party loans, only one party may enroll in Auto Pay.
Student Loan Refinancing Loan Cost Examples
These examples provide estimates based on payments beginning immediately upon loan disbursement. Variable APR: A $10,000 loan with a 20-year term (240 monthly payments of $72) and a 5.89% APR would result in a total estimated payment amount of $17,042.39. For a variable loan, after your starting rate is set, your rate will then vary with the market. Fixed APR: A $10,000 loan with a 20-year term (240 monthly payments of $72) and a 6.04% APR would result in a total estimated payment amount of $17,249.77. Your actual repayment terms may vary.Terms and Conditions apply. Visit https://www.earnest. com/terms-of-service, e-mail us at [email protected], or call 888-601-2801 for more information on our student loan refinance product.
Earnest Loans are made by Earnest Operations LLC or One American Bank, Member FDIC. Earnest Operations LLC, NMLS #1204917. 535 Mission St., Suite 1663, San Francisco, CA 94105. California Financing Law License 6054788. Visit earnest.com/licenses for a full list of licensed states. For California residents (Student Loan Refinance Only): Loans will be arranged or made pursuant to a California Financing Law License.
One American Bank, 515 S. Minnesota Ave, Sioux Falls, SD 57104. Earnest loans are serviced by Earnest Operations LLC with support from Navient Solutions LLC (NMLS #212430). One American Bank and Earnest LLC and its subsidiaries are not sponsored by or agencies of the United States of America.
© 2021 Earnest LLC. All rights reserved.
3 Important Disclosures for CommonBond.
Offered terms are subject to change and state law restriction. Loans are offered by CommonBond Lending, LLC (NMLS # 1175900), NMLS Consumer Access. If you are approved for a loan, the interest rate offered will depend on your credit profile, your application, the loan term selected and will be within the ranges of rates shown. All Annual Percentage Rates (APRs) displayed assume borrowers enroll in auto pay and account for the 0.25% reduction in interest rate. All variable rates are based on a 1-month LIBOR assumption of 0.15% effective Jan 1, 2021 and may increase after consummation.
4 Important Disclosures for Laurel Road.
Laurel Road Disclosures
All credit products are subject to credit approval.
Laurel Road began originating student loans in 2013 and has since helped thousands of professionals with undergraduate and postgraduate degrees consolidate and refinance more than $4 billion in federal and private school loans. Laurel Road also offers a suite of online graduate school loan products and personal loans that help simplify lending through customized technology and personalized service. In April 2019, Laurel Road was acquired by KeyBank, one of the nation’s largest bank-based financial services companies. Laurel Road is a brand of KeyBank National Association offering online lending products in all 50 U.S. states, Washington, D.C., and Puerto Rico. All loans are provided by KeyBank National Association, a nationally chartered bank. Member FDIC. For more information, visit www.laurelroad.com.
As used throughout these Terms & Conditions, the term “Lender” refers to KeyBank National Association and its affiliates, agents, guaranty insurers, investors, assigns, and successors in interest.
Assumptions: Repayment examples above assume a loan amount of $10,000 with repayment beginning immediately following disbursement. Repayment examples do not include the 0.25% AutoPay Discount.
Annual Percentage Rate (“APR”): This term represents the actual cost of financing to the borrower over the life of the loan expressed as a yearly rate.
Interest Rate: A simple annual rate that is applied to an unpaid balance.
Variable Rates: The current index for variable rate loans is derived from the one-month London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) and changes in the LIBOR index may cause your monthly payment to increase. Borrowers who take out a term of 5, 7, or 10 years will have a maximum interest rate of 9%, those who take out a 15 or 20-year variable loan will have a maximum interest rate of 10%.
KEYBANK NATIONAL ASSOCIATION RESERVES THE RIGHT TO MODIFY OR DISCONTINUE PRODUCTS AND BENEFITS AT ANY TIME WITHOUT NOTICE.
This information is current as of April 29, 2021. Information and rates are subject to change without notice.
5 Important Disclosures for SoFi.
Fixed rates from 2.49% APR to 6.94% APR (with autopay). Variable rates from 1.99% APR to 6.59% APR (with autopay). All variable rates are based on the 1-month LIBOR and may increase after consummation if LIBOR increases; see more at SoFi.com/legal/#1. If approved for a loan your rate will depend on a variety of factors such as your credit profile, your application and your selected loan terms. Your rate will be within the ranges of rates listed above. Lowest rates reserved for the most creditworthy borrowers. SoFi refinance loans are private loans and do not have the same repayment options that the federal loan program offers, or may become available, such as Income Based Repayment or Income Contingent Repayment or PAYE. SoFi loans are originated by SoFi Lending Corp. or an affiliate (dba SoFi), a lender licensed by the Department of Financial Protection and Innovation under the California Financing Law, license #6054612; NMLS #1121636 (www.nmlsconsumeraccess.org). Additional terms and conditions apply; see SoFi.com/eligibility for details. SOFI RESERVES THE RIGHT TO MODIFY OR DISCONTINUE PRODUCTS AND BENEFITS AT ANY TIME WITHOUT NOTICE.
6 Important Disclosures for Navient.
7 Important Disclosures for LendKey.
Refinancing via LendKey.com is only available for applicants with qualified private education loans from an eligible institution. Loans that were used for exam preparation classes, including, but not limited to, loans for LSAT, MCAT, GMAT, and GRE preparation, are not eligible for refinancing with a lender via LendKey.com. If you currently have any of these exam preparation loans, you should not include them in an application to refinance your student loans on this website. Applicants must be either U.S. citizens or Permanent Residents in an eligible state to qualify for a loan. Certain membership requirements (including the opening of a share account and any applicable association fees in connection with membership) may apply in the event that an applicant wishes to accept a loan offer from a credit union lender. Lenders participating on LendKey.com reserve the right to modify or discontinue the products, terms, and benefits offered on this website at any time without notice. LendKey Technologies, Inc. is not affiliated with, nor does it endorse, any educational institution.
Subject to floor rate and may require the automatic payments be made from a checking or savings account with the lender. The rate reduction will be removed and the rate will be increased by 0.25% upon any cancellation or failed collection attempt of the automatic payment and will be suspended during any period of deferment or forbearance. As a result, during the forbearance or suspension period, and/or if the automatic payment is canceled, any increase will take the form of higher payments. The lowest advertised variable APR is only available for loan terms of 5 years and is reserved for applicants with FICO scores of at least 810.
As of 04/07/2021 student loan refinancing rates range from 1.90% APR – 5.25% Variable APR with AutoPay and 2.49% APR – 7.75% Fixed APR with AutoPay.
8 Important Disclosures for PenFed.
Annual Percentage Rate (APR) is the cost of credit calculating the interest rate, loan amount, repayment term and the timing of payments. Fixed Rates range from 2.89%-4.78% APR and Variable Rates range from 2.13%-5.25% APR. Both Fixed and Variable Rates will vary based on application terms, level of degree and presence of a co-signer. These rates are subject to additional terms and conditions and rates are subject to change at any time without notice. For Variable Rate student loans, the rate will never exceed 9.00% for 5 year and 8 year loans and 10.00% for 12 and 15 years loans (the maximum allowable for this loan). Minimum variable rate will be 2.00%. These rates are subject to additional terms and conditions, and rates are subject to change at any time without notice. Such changes will only apply to applications taken after the effective date of change.