How Do Personal Loans Work?

how do personal loans work

Most loans are fairly self-explanatory. Usually what they help you finance is right in the name: Home loans are for mortgages when you purchase a home, car loans are for that new ride in the driveway, and student loans are for your education.

But what about other types of loans that aren’t so obvious? If you’ve heard of personal loans, you may wonder, “How do personal loans work?”

It’s not immediately clear what kind of loan this is, and even less obvious is who should use these loans and when.

What is a personal loan?

A personal loan is an unsecured loan. That means you don’t need to put up collateral or a down payment in order to receive funds.

You can apply for a personal loan through many different financial institutions. Traditional banks and credit unions offer them, and so do online financial companies like SoFi and Avant.

It’s smart to shop around if you’re looking for this type of loan since the terms, interest rates, and other fees will vary from business to business.

How do personal loans work?

If you’re wondering “How do personal loans work?” know that they are fairly simple and straightforward. When you apply and receive approval for the loan, you’ll receive the amount of money you requested to borrow in a lump sum.

You pay back that money in installments. The timeframe of those payments is determined by the specific terms of your loan.

The interest rate on your loan is determined by your credit score. The better your score, the more favorable your interest rate will be. A great rate will save you money when you repay the debt because you’ll be required to pay less on interest.

Be sure to look for fixed-rate loans to ensure the interest rate you receive won’t change as you pay off the balance. These details should be in the fine print and included in the terms of your loan. Read all the details and fully understand the loan before signing any paperwork.

If you have questions, don’t be afraid to ask the loan officer for more information on the specific loan you’re looking to apply for.

A few questions you should ask about your personal loan should include:

  • What is the interest rate?
  • What is the APR?
  • What is the origination fee?
  • What is the loan term?
  • Is the interest rate fixed?
  • Is anything else included in this loan?
  • Will I have to pay a fee for prepaying the balance on the loan?
  • What is the late fee for payments?

It’s important to gather all the information you need to feel comfortable about your decision, so don’t be afraid to ask as many questions as you’d like before signing on the dotted line.

When should you avoid a personal loan?

Before we explore when personal loans do make sense, let’s eliminate a couple scenarios.

Unnecessary spending

You should not use personal loans for things like discretionary purchases or splurges. Don’t borrow money to buy things you really want but don’t actually need.

Instead, create a savings plan and pay for your discretionary spending in cash. Anytime you can save up money for a purchase, do so instead of taking out a personal loan to fund the expense.

Rebuilding your credit

While balancing different types of lines of credit can help boost your score, there’s no need to take out a new loan if you still have old debt or balances you’re working to repay. It’s not worth the money you’ll spend in interest.

If you want to boost your credit score, make your current payments on time and in full consistently over time. Don’t open or close multiple credit card accounts at once either.

Big one-off purchases

Using a personal loan to fund a big spend may not be the right way to go. Avoid borrowing money to pay for things like weddings, vacations, or pricey purchases.

While these events and items can be expensive and take you a long time to save up for, it’s well worth it. Paying in cash means you only cover the actual purchase price and you’re not risking any of your financial security when you save up first.

When does a personal loan make sense?

A personal loan can provide borrowers with a lot of advantages. They usually come with lower interest rates than credit cards, which makes borrowing more affordable. However, personal loans do usually carry higher interest rates than secured loans, so always be sure to check the APR.

Ultimately, personal loans are personal because the funds can be used at your discretion.

You can also use a personal loan as a debt consolidation tool. If you have a lot of student loans that you struggle to manage — or even credit card debt on a high-interest card — check out your personal loan options. It may be worth consolidating your debts if it would save you money by providing a lower interest rate.

When you choose to get a personal loan, plan to use that borrowed money responsibly. Don’t borrow more than you can afford so you can avoid paying unnecessary interest. And create a repayment plan ahead of time so you know you can stick to it.

Are there any issues to be aware of?

Now that you know the answer to ”How do personal loans work?” there are some red flags you need to watch out for.

Avoid personal loans that charge fees for prepayment. While it’s nice to have enough time to repay the money you borrowed, you may want to pay your debt off faster to avoid paying more in interest. You’ll lose the savings benefit if your loan servicers charges you for paying ahead of schedule.

If a loan provider requires you to purchase any other kind of product with the personal loan, such as insurance, look to borrow through another company. This isn’t necessary and will only cost you more money.

Personal loans are useful tools, but use with caution

Personal loans can provide you with a cheaper financing option than credit cards. They may also be a good way to consolidate your student debt if you can secure a good interest rate.

Best of all, personal loans require no collateral, and you have a lot of freedom and flexibility in how you use the funds.

However, remember that if you do take out a loan, you put yourself in debt until you repay the balance. That could jeopardize your financial security if a financial emergency comes up while you still carry the loan.

Before borrowing money this way, make sure you truly need to take out a loan at all. If so, be responsible. Borrow only what you need and know ahead of time how you’ll pay back that money.

Interested in a personal loan?

Here are the top personal loan lenders of 2017!
LenderRates (APR)Loan Amount 
1 Includes AutoPay discount. Important Disclosures for SoFi.

2 Important Disclosures for Citizens Bank.

SoFi Disclosures

1

Terms and Conditions Apply: SOFI RESERVES THE RIGHT TO MODIFY OR DISCONTINUE PRODUCTS AND BENEFITS AT ANY TIME WITHOUT NOTICE. To qualify, a borrower must be a U.S. citizen or permanent resident in an eligible state and meet SoFi's underwriting requirements. Not all borrowers receive the lowest rate. To qualify for the lowest rate, you must have a responsible financial history and meet other conditions. If approved, your actual rate will be within the range of rates listed above and will depend on a variety of factors, including term of loan, a responsible financial history, years of experience, income and other factors. Rates and Terms are subject to change at anytime without notice and are subject to state restrictions. SoFi refinance loans are private loans and do not have the same repayment options that the federal loan program offers such as Income Based Repayment or Income Contingent Repayment or PAYE. Licensed by the Department of Business Oversight under the California Finance Lender Law License No. 6054612. SoFi loans are originated by SoFi Lending Corp., NMLS # 1121636. (www.nmlsconsumeraccess.org)

Personal Loans: ​​*Fixed rates from 5.49% APR to 14.24% APR (with AutoPay). Variable rates from 5.17% APR to 11.32% APR (with AutoPay). SoFi rate ranges are current as of July 1, 2017 and are subject to change without notice. Not all rates and amounts available in all states. See Personal Loan eligibility details. Not all applicants qualify for the lowest rate. If approved for a loan, to qualify for the lowest rate, you must have a responsible financial history and meet other conditions. Your actual rate will be within the range of rates listed above and will depend on a variety of factors, including evaluation of your credit worthiness, years of professional experience, income and other factors. Interest rates on variable rate loans are capped at 14.95%. Lowest variable rate of 4.99% APR assumes current 1-month LIBOR rate of 1.22% plus 3.95% margin minus 0.25% autopay discount. For the SoFi variable rate loan, the 1-month LIBOR index will adjust monthly and the loan payment will be re-amortized and may change monthly. APRs for variable rate loans may increase after origination if the LIBOR index increases. The SoFi 0.25% AutoPay interest rate reduction requires you to agree to make monthly principal and interest payments by an automatic monthly deduction from a savings or checking account. The benefit will discontinue and be lost for periods in which you do not pay by automatic deduction from a savings or checking account.


Citizens Bank Disclosures

1

Personal Loan Rate Disclosure: Variable rate, based on the one-month London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) published in The Wall Street Journal on the twenty-fifth day, or the next business day, of the preceding calendar month. As of July 1, 2017, the one-month LIBOR rate is 1.22%. Variable interest rates range from 6.01% - 15.96% (6.01% - 15.96% APR) and will fluctuate over the term of your loan with changes in the LIBOR rate, and will vary based on applicable terms and presence of a co-applicant. Fixed interest rates range from 5.99% - 16.24% (5.99% - 16.24% APR) based on applicable terms and presence of a co-applicant. Lowest rates shown are for eligible applicants, require a 3-year repayment term, and include our Loyalty and Automatic Payment discounts of 0.25 percentage points each, as outlined in the Loyalty Discount and Automatic Payment Discount disclosures. Subject to additional terms and conditions, and rates are subject to change at any time without notice. Such changes will only apply to applications taken after the effective date of change.

Loyalty Discount: The borrower will be eligible for a 0.25 percentage point interest rate reduction on their loan if the borrower has a qualifying account in existence with Citizens Bank at the time the borrower has submitted a completed application authorizing us to review their credit request for the loan. The following are qualifying accounts: any checking account, savings account, money market account, certificate of deposit, automobile loan, home equity loan, home equity line of credit, mortgage, credit card account, student loans or other personal loans owned by Citizens Bank, N.A. Please note, Citizens Bank checking and savings account options are only available in the following states: CT, DE, MA, MI, NH, NJ, NY, OH, PA, RI and VT. This discount will be reflected in the interest rate and Annual Percentage Rate (APR) disclosed in the Truth-In-Lending Disclosure that will be provided to the borrower once the loan is approved. Limit of one Loyalty Discount per loan, and discount will not be applied to prior loans. The Loyalty Discount will remain in effect for the life of the loan.

Automatic Payment Benefit: Borrowers will be eligible to receive a 0.25 percentage point interest rate reduction on their student loans owned by Citizens Bank, N.A. during such time as payments are required to be made and our loan servicer is authorized to automatically deduct payments each month from any bank account the borrower designates. Discount is not available when payments are not due, such as during forbearance. If our loan servicer is unable to successfully withdraw the automatic deductions from the designated account three or more times within any 12-month period, the borrower will no longer be eligible for this discount.

5.67% - 29.99%$1,000 - $50,000Visit Upstart
5.17% - 14.24%1 $5,000 - $100,000Visit SoFi
8.00% - 25.00%$5,000 - $35,000Visit Payoff
5.99% - 16.24%2$5,000 - $50,000Visit Citizens
5.99% - 35.89%$5,000 - $50,000Visit LendingClub
5.25% - 12.00%$2,000 - $50,000Visit Earnest
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Student Loan Hero Advertiser Disclosure

Our team at Student Loan Hero works hard to find and recommend products and services that we believe are of high quality and will make a positive impact in your life. We sometimes earn a sales commission or advertising fee when recommending various products and services to you. Similar to when you are being sold any product or service, be sure to read the fine print, understand what you are buying, and consult a licensed professional if you have any concerns. Student Loan Hero is not a lender or investment advisor. We are not involved in the loan approval or investment process, nor do we make credit or investment related decisions. The rates and terms listed on our website are estimates and are subject to change at any time. Please do your homework and let us know if you have any questions or concerns.

Published in Debt, Personal Loans