Emergencies happen, and you might find yourself needing to take a break from college. But taking a semester off from college could impact your financial aid, so it’s important to be prepared for what might happen.
If you need to take time away from school, here’s what could happen to your funds.
- How taking a break from college could affect financial aid
- Where to look for repayment help
- Know your options if you have to take a break from school and have financial aid
Circumstances can change your college trajectory. You might need to take time off school for a few reasons, such as to manage a family emergency or stress or so you can work more to pay your bills.
Whether you’re taking off a semester or an entire year, you don’t need to pay for classes you didn’t sign up for, said Jay Murray, president of Solutions for Tuition, a college cost assistance company.
“If you weren’t enrolled in school, then you didn’t borrow any money for that year,” he said. “You will, however, be required to begin making payments on your existing federal student loans six months after leaving school, regardless of whether you graduated, withdrew or dropped out.”
And you should continue to submit the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) every year to access financial aid. Depending on your circumstances, you might be able to update your FAFSA information during the school year to gain additional financial aid.
What happens to my student loans?
While some federal student loans are considered part of your financial aid package, not all loans are handled the same way when you take time off.
If you take a semester off, it shouldn’t make much of a difference for your federal loans. Most federal loans have a six-month grace period. When you return to school at least half-time after taking a semester off, the grace period on your loans will reset, provided you didn’t exceed it.
Some private student loans also have a grace period, but it depends on your terms, lender and enrollment situation. Talk to your school or lender about your options if you have private student loans.
And remember that you only have to pay back the student loans you actually borrowed. If you don’t borrow money during your time off, you don’t have to worry about paying back additional loans.
That said, you might have to deal with interest accrual on your private loans and unsubsidized federal loans.
What happens to my scholarships and grants?
Scholarships and grants are a bit different than loans. Murray said taking a break from college hurts your chances of keeping scholarships when you return.
“Students who were awarded a merit scholarship are at [the] greatest risk,” he said. “When students take time off school, they violate the satisfactory academic progress requirement and may forfeit their scholarship for all remaining years, even when returning to school.”
Many private scholarships and grants don’t take a one-size-fits-all approach. Some do require you to maintain a minimum number of course hours each semester, and you could lose aid if you drop below full- or part-time enrollment.
If you’ve received scholarships and grants, talk to your issuers about what will happen to your awards if you take time away from school. You should also inquire about grace periods.
Since everyone’s situation is unique, talk to your school’s financial aid office or college adviser about what will happen to your grants and scholarships once you return to class. Your college might have different standards for receiving aid based on your enrollment.
If you take longer than a semester off school or have loans that require payments while you’re still a student, you might need help staying current on your debt. Here’s what to do, depending on which types of loans you have.
Federal student loans
Your enrollment status could affect your repayment. If you have federal student loans, you could qualify for deferment or forbearance. Deferring your loans pauses your payments for up to three years, while forbearance pauses your payments for up to 12 months.
Depending on your loan type and lender, you could defer student loans interest-free during that time. If you’re currently enrolled or you’re planning to return to school, deferment could help you avoid making payments until you graduate. If you have unsubsidized loans, however, interest will continue to accrue during deferment.
Private student loans
With private lenders, you aren’t entitled to any sort of financial relief. Some private lenders do offer deferment and forbearance options, depending on your loan type, terms and the lender. But it’s not common.
Federal student loans are more flexible when it comes to repayment terms. Private student loans are stricter. There’s no universal standard for private student loan forgiveness since each lender operates on its own terms.
If you’re having trouble with your private student loans while you’re taking time away from school, contact your lender about your struggles. It might seem tempting to simply not pay your loan back if you can’t afford it, but dodging payments will hurt your credit score.
Regardless of why you need to take time away from school, remember that everyone’s financial situation is unique. If you need to be away from classes for a semester or more, talk to your school’s financial aid office about your student aid to understand what you’re responsible for while you’re away.
Rebecca Safier contributed to this report.
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1 Important Disclosures for Splash Financial.
Splash Financial Disclosures
Terms and Conditions apply. Splash reserves the right to modify or discontinue products and benefits at any time without notice. Rates and terms are also subject to change at any time without notice. Offers are subject to credit approval. To qualify, a borrower must be a U.S. citizen or permanent resident in an eligible state and meet applicable underwriting requirements. Not all borrowers receive the lowest rate. Lowest rates are reserved for the highest qualified borrowers. If approved, your actual rate will be within a range of rates and will depend on a variety of factors, including term of loan, a responsible financial history, income and other factors. Refinancing or consolidating private and federal student loans may not be the right decision for everyone. Federal loans carry special benefits not available for loans made through Splash Financial, for example, public service loan forgiveness and economic hardship programs, fee waivers and rebates on the principal, which may not be accessible to you after you refinance. The rates displayed may include a 0.25% autopay discount
The information you provide to us is an inquiry to determine whether we or our lenders can make a loan offer that meets your needs. If we or any of our lending partners has an available loan offer for you, you will be invited to submit a loan application to the lender for its review. We do not guarantee that you will receive any loan offers or that your loan application will be approved. Offers are subject to credit approval and are available only to U.S. citizens or permanent residents who meet applicable underwriting requirements. Not all borrowers will receive the lowest rates, which are available to the most qualified borrowers. Participating lenders, rates and terms are subject to change at any time without notice.
To check the rates and terms you qualify for, Splash Financial conducts a soft credit pull that will not affect your credit score. However, if you choose a product and continue your application, the lender will request your full credit report from one or more consumer reporting agencies, which is considered a hard credit pull and may affect your credit.
Splash Financial and our lending partners reserve the right to modify or discontinue products and benefits at any time without notice. To qualify, a borrower must be a U.S. citizen and meet our lending partner’s underwriting requirements. Lowest rates are reserved for the highest qualified borrowers. This information is current as of May 4, 2022.
2 Rate range above includes optional 0.25% Auto Pay discount. Important Disclosures for Earnest.
Student Loan Refinance Interest Rate Disclosure Actual rate and available repayment terms will vary based on your income. Fixed rates range from 2.99% APR to 8.24% APR (excludes 0.25% Auto Pay discount). Variable rates range from 1.99% APR to 8.24% APR (excludes 0.25% Auto Pay discount). Earnest variable interest rate student loan refinance loans are based on a publicly available index, the 30-day Average Secured Overnight Financing Rate (SOFR) published by the Federal Reserve Bank of New York. The variable rate is based on the rate published on the 25th day, or the next business day, of the preceding calendar month, rounded to the nearest hundredth of a percent. The rate will not increase more than once per month. The maximum rate for your loan is 8.95% if your loan term is 10 years or less. For loan terms of more than 10 years to 15 years, the interest rate will never exceed 9.95%. For loan terms over 15 years, the interest rate will never exceed 11.95%. Please note, we are not able to offer variable rate loans in AK, IL, MN, NH, OH, TN, and TX. Let us know if you have any questions and feel free to reach out directly to our team.
3 Important Disclosures for CommonBond.
Offered terms are subject to change and state law restriction. Loans are offered by CommonBond Lending, LLC (NMLS # 1175900), NMLS Consumer Access. If you are approved for a loan, the interest rate offered will depend on your credit profile, your application, the loan term selected and will be within the ranges of rates shown. All Annual Percentage Rates (APRs) displayed assume borrowers enroll in auto pay and account for the 0.25% reduction in interest rate. All variable rates are based on a 1-month LIBOR assumption of 0.15% effective Apr 22, 2021 and may increase after consummation.
4 Important Disclosures for SoFi.
Fixed rates range from 3.49% APR to 7.99% APR with a 0.25% autopay discount. Variable rates from 1.74% APR to 7.99% APR with a 0.25% autopay discount. Unless required to be lower to comply with applicable law, Variable Interest rates on 5-, 7-, and 10-year terms are capped at 8.95% APR; 15- and 20-year terms are capped at 9.95% APR. Your actual rate will be within the range of rates listed above and will depend on the term you select, evaluation of your creditworthiness, income, presence of a co-signer and a variety of other factors. Lowest rates reserved for the most creditworthy borrowers. For the SoFi variable-rate product, the variable interest rate for a given month is derived by adding a margin to the 30-day average SOFR index, published two business days preceding such calendar month, rounded up to the nearest one hundredth of one percent (0.01% or 0.0001). APRs for variable-rate loans may increase after origination if the SOFR index increases. The SoFi 0.25% autopay interest rate reduction requires you to agree to make monthly principal and interest payments by an automatic monthly deduction from a savings or checking account. This benefit will discontinue and be lost for periods in which you do not pay by automatic deduction from a savings or checking account. The benefit lowers your interest rate but does not change the amount of your monthly payment. This benefit is suspended during periods of deferment and forbearance. Autopay is not required to receive a loan from SoFi.
5 Important Disclosures for Laurel Road.
Laurel Road Disclosures
All credit products are subject to credit approval.
Laurel Road began originating student loans in 2013 and has since helped thousands of professionals with undergraduate and postgraduate degrees consolidate and refinance more than $4 billion in federal and private school loans. Laurel Road also offers a suite of online graduate school loan products and personal loans that help simplify lending through customized technology and personalized service. In April 2019, Laurel Road was acquired by KeyBank, one of the nation’s largest bank-based financial services companies. Laurel Road is a brand of KeyBank National Association offering online lending products in all 50 U.S. states, Washington, D.C., and Puerto Rico. All loans are provided by KeyBank National Association, a nationally chartered bank. Member FDIC. For more information, visit www.laurelroad.com.
As used throughout these Terms & Conditions, the term “Lender” refers to KeyBank National Association and its affiliates, agents, guaranty insurers, investors, assigns, and successors in interest.
Assumptions: Repayment examples above assume a loan amount of $10,000 with repayment beginning immediately following disbursement. Repayment examples do not include the 0.25% AutoPay Discount.
Annual Percentage Rate (“APR”): This term represents the actual cost of financing to the borrower over the life of the loan expressed as a yearly rate.
Interest Rate: A simple annual rate that is applied to an unpaid balance.
Variable Rates: The current index for variable rate loans is derived from the one-month London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) and changes in the LIBOR index may cause your monthly payment to increase. Borrowers who take out a term of 5, 7, or 10 years will have a maximum interest rate of 9%, those who take out a 15 or 20-year variable loan will have a maximum interest rate of 10%.
KEYBANK NATIONAL ASSOCIATION RESERVES THE RIGHT TO MODIFY OR DISCONTINUE PRODUCTS AND BENEFITS AT ANY TIME WITHOUT NOTICE.
This information is current as of April 29, 2021. Information and rates are subject to change without notice.
6 Important Disclosures for Navient.
7 Important Disclosures for LendKey.
Refinancing via LendKey.com is only available for applicants with qualified private education loans from an eligible institution. Loans that were used for exam preparation classes, including, but not limited to, loans for LSAT, MCAT, GMAT, and GRE preparation, are not eligible for refinancing with a lender via LendKey.com. If you currently have any of these exam preparation loans, you should not include them in an application to refinance your student loans on this website. Applicants must be either U.S. citizens or Permanent Residents in an eligible state to qualify for a loan. Certain membership requirements (including the opening of a share account and any applicable association fees in connection with membership) may apply in the event that an applicant wishes to accept a loan offer from a credit union lender. Lenders participating on LendKey.com reserve the right to modify or discontinue the products, terms, and benefits offered on this website at any time without notice. LendKey Technologies, Inc. is not affiliated with, nor does it endorse, any educational institution.
Subject to floor rate and may require the automatic payments be made from a checking or savings account with the lender. The rate reduction will be removed and the rate will be increased by 0.25% upon any cancellation or failed collection attempt of the automatic payment and will be suspended during any period of deferment or forbearance. As a result, during the forbearance or suspension period, and/or if the automatic payment is canceled, any increase will take the form of higher payments. The lowest advertised variable APR is only available for loan terms of 5 years and is reserved for applicants with FICO scores of at least 810.
As of 5/17/2022 student loan refinancing rates range from 2.05% APR – 5.25% Variable APR with AutoPay and 2.49% APR – 7.93% Fixed APR with AutoPay.
8 Important Disclosures for PenFed.
Fixed Rate Loan Terms: 5 years/60 monthly payments, 8 years/96 monthly payments, 12 years/144 monthly payments or 15 years/180 monthly payments. Annual Percentage Rate is the cost of credit calculating the interest rate, loan amount, repayment term and the timing of payments. Fixed rates range from 3.29% to 5.43% APR. Rates are subject to change without notice. Fixed APR: Fixed rates will not change during the term. This rate is expressed as an APR. Since there are no fees associated with this loan offer, the APR is the same percentage as the actual interest rate of the loan. These rates are subject to additional terms and conditions, and rates are subject to change at any time without notice. Such changes will only apply to applications taken after the effective date of change.