As a parent, it can make sense to take out a Parent PLUS loan — you want to do what’s best for your child and help pay for their education, right?
While taking out this loan can be a great idea at the time, repayment becomes an overwhelming struggle for some borrowers.
Luckily, there are a couple of sources of Parent PLUS loan forgiveness you can investigate to get rid of that debt once and for all.
Parent PLUS loan forgiveness through Income-Contingent Repayment (ICR)
One way to get your Parent PLUS Loans forgiven is through the income-driven plan known as ICR. This plan caps your monthly payments at 20% of your discretionary income or the amount you would pay on a fixed 12-year plan, whichever is lower.
It also extends your repayment terms to 25 years, so you’ll be paying less each month. If you still have a balance at the end of 25 years, the remaining amount will be forgiven.
Your remaining balance will be discharged, but it will still be considered taxable income. So make sure to prepare for one last expense before you can say goodbye to your Parent PLUS Loans.
This kind of loan forgiveness takes a long time, but it could be a good option if you need relief from high monthly bills. The Office of Student Aid offers a handy Repayment Estimator tool to predict your monthly payments.
There’s just one problem with getting your Parent PLUS Loans on ICR — they’re not actually eligible for this repayment plan.
Don’t panic, though. There is a workaround. You can make your Parent PLUS Loans eligible by consolidating them first with a Direct Consolidation Loan.
Here are the steps to take in order to get your Parent PLUS Loans on ICR and eventually, qualify for loan forgiveness:
Step 1: Apply for a Direct Consolidation Loan through StudentLoans.gov.
Step 2: Talk to your loan servicer and choose ICR.
Step 3: Make payments on time for 25 years to get your loans forgiven. Pay any potential tax bills related to your loan forgiveness.
Two and a half decades is a long time to wait, but at least there is light at the end of the tunnel. By keeping up with payments, rest assured your Parent PLUS Loans will be forgiven eventually.
You might also qualify for Public Service Loan Forgiveness (PSLF)
A second option for Parent PLUS Loan forgiveness — and one that doesn’t take as long as the ICR approach — is PSLF.
Under this program, parents who work full-time for certain government entities or nonprofits and make consistent payments for 10 years can get their loans forgiven.
Just like with ICR, though, you’ll have to change up your repayment plan in order to qualify.
If you stayed on the standard 10-year plan, you wouldn’t have any remaining balance left on your loans to forgive. And you’re not eligible for most income-driven plans with the exception of ICR, if you consolidate first.
So again, you’ll need to apply for a Direct Consolidation Loan and then get your loan on ICR. Assuming you have a large enough loan and work for a qualifying employer, this route could lead you to loan forgiveness.
That being said, the fate of PSLF has been up in the air lately, and it’s unclear whether the government will continue to fund the program for new applicants.
In the meantime, though, the program still exists. If you work in public service, hold onto relevant documentation that you might need when you apply.
You might also fill out and submit the PSLF Employment Certification form on a yearly basis, or more often if you change employers.
After 10 years, you could see forgiveness of your Parent PLUS Loans (now technically a Direct Consolidation Loan). And here’s more good news: Under PSLF, your forgiven loans are not considered taxable income.
Refinance Parent PLUS loans in your child’s name
As a Parent PLUS loan borrower, your options for loan forgiveness are limited to forgiveness from ICR or through PSLF, both of which take a long time before you’ll get financial relief.
Instead of counting on loan forgiveness, you might also consider transferring your loans to your child. Even though you took out the loans in your name, you could trade them into your child’s name through student loan refinancing.
Your child must be the one who applies for student loan refinancing and gets approved. Most lenders look for a steady source of income and a strong credit score before approving a refinanced student loan.
If your child has that, they could qualify for a lower interest rate than the 7.00% that Parent PLUS Loans have. Plus, they could choose new repayment terms of shorter or longer length.
This transfer of responsibility could be a good option if you’re struggling with repayment, but your child is now graduated and doing well financially. It’s important to know, though, that refinancing federal student loans turns them into private ones.
As a result, your child will lose access to federal protections, like income-driven repayment plans and forbearance, as well as forgiveness programs like PSLF. So if you want to retain federal protections, refinancing probably isn’t the best move.
But if you don’t need those options, refinancing could reduce your costs of borrowing with a lower student loan interest rate.
Be ready to play the long game for Parent PLUS Loan forgiveness
Parent PLUS loan forgiveness is possible, but it takes a long time. You must consolidate your loans, sign up for ICR, and either make payments for 25 years or work in public service for 10 years.
If these avenues feel too burdensome, you might opt to stay on the standard plan instead. Alternative options, like building a new source of income or getting student loan assistance from your employer, could help you get rid of your Parent PLUS Loans even faster.
Melanie Lockert contributed to the reporting for this article.
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1 Important Disclosures for Earnest.
To qualify, you must be a U.S. citizen or possess a 10-year (non-conditional) Permanent Resident Card, reside in a state Earnest lends in, and satisfy our minimum eligibility criteria. You may find more information on loan eligibility here: https://www.earnest.com/eligibility. Not all applicants will be approved for a loan, and not all applicants will qualify for the lowest rate. Approval and interest rate depend on the review of a complete application.
Earnest fixed rate loan rates range from 3.89% APR (with Auto Pay) to 5.87% APR (with Auto Pay). Variable rate loan rates range from 2.47% APR (with Auto Pay) to 5.87% APR (with Auto Pay). For variable rate loans, although the interest rate will vary after you are approved, the interest rate will never exceed 8.95% for loan terms 10 years or less. For loan terms of 10 years to 15 years, the interest rate will never exceed 9.95%. For loan terms over 15 years, the interest rate will never exceed 11.95% (the maximum rates for these loans). Earnest variable interest rate loans are based on a publicly available index, the one month London Interbank Offered Rate (LIBOR). Your rate will be calculated each month by adding a margin between 1.82% and 5.50% to the one month LIBOR. The rate will not increase more than once per month. Earnest rate ranges are current as of Month/Day/Year, and are subject to change based on market conditions and borrower eligibility.
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2 Important Disclosures for Laurel Road.
Laurel Road Disclosures
Savings example: average savings calculated based on single loans refinanced from 9/2013 to 12/2017 where borrowers’ previous rates were disclosed. Assumes same loan terms for previous and refinanced loans, and payments made to maturity with no prepayments. Actual savings for individual loans vary based on loan balance, interest rates, and other factors.
Application detail: 5 minutes indicates typical time it takes to complete application with applicant information readily available. It does not include time taken to provide underwriting decision or funding of the loan.
Instant rates mean a delivery of personalized rates for those individuals who provide sufficient information to return a rate. For instant rates a soft credit pull will be conducted, which will not affect your credit score. To proceed with an application, a hard credit pull will be required, which may affect your credit score.
Total savings calculated by aggregating individual average savings across total borrower population from 9/2013 to 12/2017. Individual average savings calculation based on single loans refinanced from 9/2013 to 12/2017 where borrowers’ previous rates were provided. Assumes same loan terms for previous and refinanced loans, and payments made to maturity with no prepayments. Actual savings for individual loans vary based on loan balance, interest rates, and other factors.
3 Important Disclosures for SoFi.
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5 Important Disclosures for Citizens Bank.
Citizens Bank Disclosures
|2.47% – 6.99%3||Visit SoFi|
|2.47% – 5.87%1||Visit Earnest|
|2.95% – 6.37%2||Visit Laurel Road|
|2.48% – 6.25%4||Visit CommonBond|
|2.72% – 8.32%5||Visit Citizens|