6 Major Student Loan Mistakes You Need to Avoid

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Do you wish you had a time machine so you could go back and make different decisions about your student loans?

If so, you’re definitely not alone. The fact is, student loan regrets are very common. Mostly because borrowers often don’t understand the long-term consequences of their student loan choices.

Seven borrowers recently shared their student loan regrets with us, and what they wish they’d done differently if they could turn the clock back. Here’s how these borrowers are managing student loans today and what you can do to avoid their student loan mistakes.

6 borrowers share their biggest student loan regrets

1. I deferred payments for years

Tasha Mayberry-Mullyakaev, the founder of web design, PR, and marketing company Social Media 22, couldn’t afford to pay her student loans after graduating. She thought that deferring would save her credit score, but really it caused her $40,000 student loan debt to balloon to over $70,000.

Mayberry-Mullyakaev learned the hard way that ignoring student loan payments meant her debt would just keep increasing. Due to compound interest, unpaid student loan debt will only continue to grow.

Therefore, if you can’t afford your federal student loan monthly payments, consider an income-based repayment plan. You can also punch in your loan info into our Student Loan Income-Based Repayment (IBR) Calculator to see if this is a viable option for you.

As Mayberry-Mullyakaev says, “Know how much you are borrowing and what payments will be.” Essentially, you’re better off doing the math sooner rather than later so you have a manageable plan for paying student loans.

2. I didn’t refinance my loans when I could

“My biggest regret is not refinancing my student loans,” says Zina Kumok, a freelance writer who specializes in personal finance. If she had refinanced, Kumok says, she could have saved hundreds.

Her advice? “I tell everyone who’s paying high-interest rates to consider refinancing, unless they’re trying to have their loans forgiven,” Kumok explains.

Refinancing your student loans can lower your interest rates and reduce your monthly payments. And private lenders allow you to refinance both federal and private loans.

What’s more, refinancing can often save you thousands of dollars over the life of your loans.

Despite her student loan mistakes, Kumok was able to bounce back. She managed to pay off $28,000 in student loans in just three years.

3. I spent my loan money on shopping sprees

Student loans are not free money, a fact that some students learn the hard way.

For instance, Stephanie Caudle ended up spending her loan money on shopping sprees. Says Caudle, “I had no idea that the same check I anticipated would be a check I would someday have to pay back.”

If she could do it differently, she would have “started saving money to pay back my student loan debt before I even graduated from college.” Today, Caudle is a freelance writer and founder of Black Girl Group, a micro-job platform that connects African American women with freelance opportunities.

Chantel Blake also regrets spending her loan money on frivolous expenses. She took out the maximum amount available and spent the remainder on a trip to Europe. Now, Blake runs Breaking Up With Debt, where she works as a personal finance coach helping others avoid her same student loan mistakes.

Caudle and Blake are not alone in spending student loan money on personal activities. A recent Student Loan Hero survey showed that the class of 2017 was twice as likely as the class of 2016 to spend loan money on non-educational expenses. In the end, all that pizza and beer had a much higher price tag than students realized.

4. I had no idea how much I was taking out

Like many students, Phil Risher, founder of the Young Adult Survival Guide, took out student loans without a second thought.

“My biggest student loan regret is not knowing the amount of loans I was taking out each semester,” Risher says. When he was faced with paying them back, he got a big wake up call.

Risher wishes he’d reached out to his college financial aid office sooner to discuss repayment plans. He advises anyone taking out loans to come up with “a proactive approach to taking on debt.” Wherever you are in life, it’s not too late to track your debt and come up with a plan to conquer it.

5. I paid for a degree I don’t use

Blake is also a student loan borrower who wishes she’d done a cost-benefit analysis before getting her Master’s degrees, especially because she ended up with over $75,000 in student loans. Yet, three years later, she’s still not working in the industry in which she got her graduate degree.

Before taking on student loans to finance an expensive degree, consider the return on investment. A graduate degree should advance your career and lead to a higher salary. Therefore, consider whether the benefits of a degree will outweigh its costs.

6. I used my loans to go to an expensive college

Nikki Koontz didn’t hesitate to take out loans for her four-year college and a year-long study abroad experience in London.

However, Koontz says she “had no idea how much anything cost or any concept of compounding interest.” The result, unfortunately, was “off-the-charts ridiculous” student loan debt.

“I will be paying off my loans with a very high monthly payment for the rest of my life,” says Koontz. “It’s a huge burden that I wouldn’t wish on anyone.”

As the Assistant Director of Marketing at Southern Utah University, Koontz now helps students avoid her student loan mistakes. While she’s a strong proponent of higher education, she encourages students to speak with financial aid advisors before taking out loans.

“Get all the facts up front,” says Koontz. “Try to find scholarships or work study opportunities. There is a lot of unclaimed money, but you have to be willing to work for it.”

Recovering from student loan mistakes

Most borrowers make mistakes with their student loans out of a lack of financial literacy. They often take out loans without understanding the long-term consequences of student loan debt.

Therefore, if you’re considering taking out student loans, first educate yourself on how they work. Learn about compound interest, grace periods, and repayment plans.

Just as importantly, consider the return on investment of your degree. Remember, you won’t be able to pay back student loans without an income.

And if you’re dealing with the fallout of student loan mistakes, you definitely have options for managing student loans and getting your finances back on track.

Refinancing can save you thousands of dollars in interest. Additionally, income-based repayment plans and loan forgiveness programs are also promising avenues for debt repayment.

Student loans are a huge burden. But by sharing both our mistakes and successes, we can work together to resolve the current student loan debt crisis in America.

Need a student loan?

Here are our top student loan lenders of 2021!
LenderVariable APREligibility 
1.04% – 11.98%1Undergraduate, Graduate, and Parents

Visit College Ave

1.13% – 11.23%*,2Undergraduate, Graduate, and Parents

Visit SallieMae

3.80% – 9.36%3Undergraduate and Graduate

Visit CommonBond

2.20% – 6.17%4Undergraduate and Graduate

Visit EdvestinU

1.05% – 11.44%5Undergraduate and Graduate

Visit Earnest

1.82% – 11.32%6Undergraduate

Visit Ascent

N/A7Undergraduate and Graduate

Visit FundingU

1.12% – 11.23%8Undergraduate and Graduate

Visit SoFi

1.15% – 11.01%9Undergraduate and Graduate

VISIT CITIZENS

* The Sallie Mae partner referenced is not the creditor for these loans and is compensated by Sallie Mae for the referral of Smart Option Student Loan customers.

1 Important Disclosures for College Ave.

CollegeAve Disclosures

College Ave Student Loans products are made available through either Firstrust Bank, member FDIC or M.Y. Safra Bank, FSB, member FDIC. All loans are subject to individual approval and adherence to underwriting guidelines. Program restrictions, other terms, and conditions apply.

Rates shown are for the College Ave Undergraduate Loan product and include autopay discount. The 0.25% auto-pay interest rate reduction applies as long as a valid bank account is designated for required monthly payments. Variable rates may increase after consummation.
 
This informational repayment example uses typical loan terms for a freshman borrower who selects the Deferred Repayment Option with a 10-year repayment term, has a $10,000 loan that is disbursed in one disbursement and a 8.35% fixed Annual Percentage Rate (“APR”): 120 monthly payments of $179.18 while in the repayment period, for a total amount of payments of $21,501.54. Loans will never have a full principal and interest monthly payment of less than $50. Your actual rates and repayment terms may vary. This informational repayment example uses typical loan terms for a first year graduate student borrower who selects the Deferred Repayment Option with a 10-year repayment term, has a $10,000 loan that is disbursed in one disbursement and a 7.10% fixed Annual Percentage Rate (“APR”): 120 monthly payments of $141.66 while in the repayment period, for a total amount of payments of $16,699.21. Loans will never have a full principal and interest monthly payment of less than $50. Your actual rates and repayment terms may vary.

Information advertised valid as of 7/22/2021. Variable interest rates may increase after consummation. Approved interest rate will depend on the creditworthiness of the applicant(s), lowest advertised rates only available to the most creditworthy applicants and require selection of full principal and interest payments with the shortest available loan term.


2 Sallie Mae Disclaimer: Click here for important information. Terms, conditions and limitations apply.

3 Important Disclosures for CommonBond.

CommonBond Disclosures

Offered terms are subject to change and state law restriction. Loans are offered by CommonBond Lending, LLC (NMLS # 1175900), NMLS Consumer Access. If you are approved for a loan, the interest rate offered will depend on your credit profile, your application, the loan term selected and will be within the ranges of rates shown.  If you choose to complete an application, we will conduct a hard credit pull, which may affect your credit score. All Annual Percentage Rates (APRs) displayed assume borrowers enroll in auto pay and account for the 0.25% reduction in interest rate. All variable rates are based on a 1-month LIBOR assumption of 0.15% effective Jan 1, 2021 and may increase after consummation.


4 Important Disclosures for EdvestinU.

EdvestinU Disclosures

EDvestinU is a product of the nonprofit New Hampshire Higher Education Loan Corporation (dba The NHHEAF Network) NMLS ID#1527348.

APR range and repayment rates displayed assume a $10,000 loan disbursed in two equal disbursements. APR low assumes immediate repayment and 7 year repayment. APR high assumes deferred repayment and 15 year repayment. APR’s presented include a .50% interest rate reduction for electing to have payments automatically deducted from a bank account. The interest rate reduction for authorizing our servicer to automatically deduct monthly payments from a savings or checking account will not reduce the monthly payment, but will reduce the monthly finance charge, resulting in a lower total cost of loan. All examples are provided for educational purposes and actual terms may vary based on credit history, loan amount, applicable repayment term, and chosen repayment plan and method. Please note that the interest rate on variable rate programs may increase or decrease over time. The variable rate example assumes the same standard rate for the life of the loan. The NHHEAF Network reserves the right to modify or cancel its program at any time.  

Eligibility: Dependent and independent U.S. citizen students. Currently residents of Washington and California are not eligible for EDvestinU programs.
Students must be enrolled at least half-time at a U.S.-based Title IV, degree-granting college or university.
The borrower or cosigner (if applicable) must have a minimum adjusted gross income of $30,000.

Loan Limits: Minimum loan amount of $1,000.
Maximum loan amount is cost of education less aid received.

Repayment: Standard or graduated repayment options available during repayment; 7, 10, or 15 year term selected by the borrower.
6-month grace period available to borrowers electing a full in-school deferment. 
No prepayment penalty.
Payments may be postponed during repayment by qualifying for an economic hardship deferment.

Cosigner Release: Cosigner release allowed if an account is in current standing, after 36 months of consecutive & on-time payments with a borrower FICO >749 for EDvestinU Private Student Loans and minimum income requirement of $30,000 with no foreclosures, repossessions, wage garnishments, unpaid tax liens, unpaid judgments or other public records having an open balance exceeding $100 during the last 7 years. The borrower must not currently be involved in bankruptcy proceeding or had any bankruptcy filings during the past 10 years and cannot have any defaults on education loans.


5 Important Disclosures for Earnest.

Earnest Disclosures

  1. Rates include 0.25% Auto Pay Discount
     
  2. Explanation of Rates “With Autopay” (APD)
    Rates shown include 0.25% APR discount when client agrees to make monthly principal and interest payments by automatic electronic payment. Use of autopay is not required to receive an Earnest loan.

    Available Terms
    For Cosigned loans – 5, 7, 10, 12, 15 years. 
    Primary Only – 10, 12, 15 years

    In school deferred payment is not available in AL, AZ, CA, FL, MA, MD, MI, ND, NY, PA, and WA).


6 Important Disclosures for Ascent Student Loans.

Ascent Student Loans Disclosures

Ascent loans are funded by Bank of Lake Mills, Member FDIC. Loan products may not be available in certain jurisdictions. Certain restrictions, limitations; and terms and conditions may apply. For Ascent Terms and Conditions please visit: >AscentFunding.com/Ts&Cs;.

Rates are effective as of 07/01/2021 and reflect an automatic payment discount of either 0.25% (for credit-based loans) OR 1.00% (for undergraduate outcomes income-based loans). Automatic Payment Discount is available if the borrower is enrolled in automatic payments from their personal checking account and the amount is successfully withdrawn from the authorized bank account each month. For Ascent rates and repayment examples please visit: >AscentFunding.com/Rates.

1% Cash Back Graduation Reward subject to terms and conditions, please visit AscentFunding.com/Cashback. Cosigned Credit-Based Loan student borrowers must meet certain minimum credit criteria. The minimum score required is subject to change and may depend on the credit score of your cosigner. Lowest APRs are available for the most creditworthy applicants and may require a cosigner.


7 Important Disclosures for Funding U.

FundingU Disclosures

Offered terms are subject to change. Loans are made by Funding University which is a for-profit enterprise. Funding University is not affiliated with the school you are attending or any other learning institution. None of the information contained in Funding University’s website constitutes a recommendation, solicitation or offer by Funding University or its affiliates to buy or sell any securities or other financial instruments or other assets or provide any investment advice or service.


8 Important Disclosures for SoFi.

sofiDisclosures

UNDERGRADUATE LOANS: Fixed rates from 4.13% to 10.66% annual percentage rate (“APR”) (with autopay), variable rates from 1.12% to 11.23% APR (with autopay). GRADUATE LOANS: Fixed rates from 4.13% to 10.90% APR (with autopay), variable rates from 1.10% to 11.34% APR (with autopay). MBA AND LAW SCHOOL LOANS: Fixed rates from 4.08% to 10.86% APR (with autopay), variable rates from 1.05% to 11.29% APR (with autopay). PARENT LOANS: Fixed rates from 4.23% to 10.66% APR (with autopay), variable rates from 1.20% to 11.23% APR (with autopay). For variable rate loans, the variable interest rate is derived from the one-month LIBOR rate plus a margin and your APR may increase after origination if the LIBOR increases. Changes in the one-month LIBOR rate may cause your monthly payment to increase or decrease. Interest rates for variable rate loans are capped at 13.95%, unless required to be lower to comply with applicable law. Lowest rates are reserved for the most creditworthy borrowers. If approved for a loan, the interest rate offered will depend on your creditworthiness, the repayment option you select, the term and amount of the loan and other factors, and will be within the ranges of rates listed above. The SoFi 0.25% autopay interest rate reduction requires you to agree to make monthly principal and interest payments by an automatic monthly deduction from a savings or checking account. The benefit will discontinue and be lost for periods in which you do not pay by automatic deduction from a savings or checking account. Information current as of 4/1/2021. Enrolling in autopay is not required to receive a loan from SoFi. SoFi Lending Corp., licensed by the Department of Business Oversight under the California Financing Law License No. 6054612. NMLS #1121636 (>www.nmlsconsumeraccess.org).


9 Important Disclosures for Citizens Bank.

Citizens Bank Disclosures

Undergraduate Rate Disclosure: Variable interest rates range from 1.15% – 11.01% (1.15% – 10.24 APR)Fixed interest rates range from 4.18% – 11.70% (4.18% – 10.83% APR).

Graduate Rate Disclosure: Variable interest rates range from 1.89% – 10.66% (1.89% – 10.41% APR). Fixed interest rates range from 4.64% – 11.23%% (4.64% – 10.95% APR).

Business/Law Rate Disclosure: Variable interest rates range from 1.89% – 9.22% (1.89% – 8.50% APR). Fixed interest rates range from 4.38% – 10.44% (4.38% – 9.72% APR).

Medical/Dental Rate Disclosure: Variable interest rates range from 1.89% – 8.02% (1.89% – 7.72% APR). Fixed interest rates range from 4.28% – 9.24% (4.28% – 8.94% APR).

Parent Loan Rate Disclosure: Variable interest rates range from 1.97% – 7.06% (1.97% – 7.06% APR). Fixed interest rates range from 4.94% – 8.58% (4.94% – 8.58% APR).

Bar Study Rate Disclosure: Variable interest rates range from 4.44% – 9.58% (4.44% – 9.52% APR). Fixed interest rates range from 7.39% – 12.94% (7.40% – 12.83% APR).

Medical Residency Rate Disclosure: Variable interest rates range from 3.53% – 7.03% (3.53% – 6.76% APR). Fixed interest rates range from 6.99% – 10.49% (6.98% – 10.09% APR).

Variable Rate Disclosure: Variable Rates are based on the one-month London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) published in The Wall Street Journal on the twenty-fifth day, or the next business day, of the preceding calendar month. As of June 1, 2021, the one-month LIBOR rate is 0.09%. Variable interest rates will fluctuate over the term of the loan with changes in the LIBOR rate, and will vary based on applicable terms, level of degree and presence of a co-signer. The maximum variable rate is the greater of 21.00% or Prime Rate plus 9.00%. 

Fixed Rate Disclosure: Fixed rate ranges are based on applicable terms, level of degree, and presence of a co-signer.

Lowest Rate Disclosure: Lowest rates require a 5-year repayment term, immediate repayment, a graduate degree (where applicable), and include our Loyalty and Automatic Payment discounts of 0.25 percentage points each, as outlined in the Loyalty Discount and Automatic Payment Discount disclosures. Rates are subject to additional terms and conditions, and are subject to change at any time without notice. Such changes will only apply to applications taken after the effective date of change.

Federal Loan vs. Private Loan Benefits: Some federal student loans include unique benefits that the borrower may not receive with a private student loan, some of which we do not offer.  Borrowers should carefully review federal benefits, especially if they work in public service, are in the military, are considering possible loan forgiveness options, are currently on or considering income based repayment options or are concerned about a steady source of future income and would want to lower their payments at some time in the future. When the borrower refinances, they waive any current and potential future benefits of their federal loans. For more information about federal student loan benefits and federal loan consolidation, visit http://studentaid.ed.gov/. We also have several resources available to help the borrower make a decision on our website including Should I Refinance My Student Loans? and our FAQs. Should I Refinance My Student Loans? includes a comparison of federal and private student loan benefits that we encourage the borrower to review.

Eligibility Criteria: Applicants must be a U.S. citizen, permanent resident, or eligible non-citizen with a creditworthy U.S. citizen or permanent resident co-signer. For applicants who have not attained the age of majority in their state of residence, a co-signer is required. Citizens Bank reserves the right to modify eligibility criteria at any time. Citizens Bank private student loans are subject to credit qualification, completion of a loan application/Promissory Note, verification of application information, and if applicable, self-certification form, school certification of the loan amount, and student’s enrollment at a Citizens Bank participating school.

Loyalty Discount Disclosure: The borrower will be eligible for a 0.25 percentage point interest rate reduction on their loan if the borrower or their co-signer (if applicable) has a qualifying account in existence with us at the time the borrower and their co-signer (if applicable) have submitted a completed application authorizing us to review their credit request for the loan. The following are qualifying accounts: any checking account, savings account, money market account, certificate of deposit, automobile loan, home equity loan, home equity line of credit, mortgage, credit card account, or other student loans owned by Citizens Bank, N.A. Please note, our checking and savings account options are only available in the following states: CT, DE, MA, MI, NH, NJ, NY, OH, PA, RI, and VT and some products may have an associated cost. This discount will be reflected in the interest rate disclosed in the Loan Approval Disclosure that will be provided to the borrower once the loan is approved. Limit of one Loyalty Discount per loan and discount will not be applied to prior loans. The Loyalty Discount will remain in effect for the life of the loan.

Automatic Payment Discount Disclosure: Borrowers will be eligible to receive a 0.25 percentage point interest rate reduction on their student loans owned by Citizens Bank, N.A. during such time as payments are required to be made and our loan servicer is authorized to automatically deduct payments each month from any bank account the borrower designates. Discount is not available when payments are not due, such as during forbearance. If our loan servicer is unable to successfully withdraw the automatic deductions from the designated account three or more times within any 12-month period, the borrower will no longer be eligible for this discount.